The Republican Experiment, 1848-1852

The Republican Experiment, 1848-1852

by Maurice Agulhon
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521248299

ISBN-13: 9780521248297

Pub. Date: 09/28/1983

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Before 1848, France had been ruled by the 'July Monarchy', a liberal regime without democratic participation. After 1852, France was to be ruled by the Second Empire, an anti-liberal regime with some democratic participation. In the intervening period, the Second Republic boldly attempted to combine liberty with democracy for the first time in French history. Despite

Overview

Before 1848, France had been ruled by the 'July Monarchy', a liberal regime without democratic participation. After 1852, France was to be ruled by the Second Empire, an anti-liberal regime with some democratic participation. In the intervening period, the Second Republic boldly attempted to combine liberty with democracy for the first time in French history. Despite the Republic's failure of 1851–2, its aims were of great significance and marked the beginning of the modern era of republican France: the starting-point of what we nowadays consider the normal standard of politics in civilised countries. The reasons for the Republic's temporary failure are no less instructive, and in explaining them Professor Agulhon considers the problems of social conditions and the psychological 'apprenticeship' of the masses of new citizens. Thus his book has a special purpose, beyond the narrative treatment of events: to emphasise the relationship between the political history of France 1848–52 and the history of popular culture and thought.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521248297
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
09/28/1983
Series:
History of Modern France Series
Pages:
225
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

Chronologyix
Why the Republic?1
A historical and political struggle1
A society in crisis6
Romanticism and the education of the people9
A 'republican party'14
The trial and failure of a kind of socialism (24 February-4 May 1848)22
The change of regime23
The provisional government in action32
The beginnings of conflict45
3The re-establishment of order (May 1848-June 1849)49
The Executive Commission (5 May-24 June 1848)49
The Cavaignac government (24 June-20 December 1848)60
The beginning of the presidency of Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (20 December 1848-13 June 1849)73
4France faced with the great alternative: order or social democracy81
Economic conditions in 1849-5082
The 'Mountain'85
The 'party of order'94
Regional variations105
Between the conservative order and the Bonapartist order (June 1849-November 1851)117
Bonaparte and the bourgeois. 1: an antithesis117
Bonaparte and the bourgeois. 2: equivocations118
The effects of joint repression119
The political turning-point of the year 1850124
The rise of Bonapartism130
Bonaparte's coup d'Etat and the republican resistance (2-10 December 1851)138
The 'coup d'Etat' in Paris138
Resistance in the provinces149
Interpretations and consequences160
From the coup d'Etat to the Empire (December 1851-December 1852)166
The anti-republican repression166
The institutions172
The great economic initiatives178
The return to imperial monarchy183
Conclusion187
The Republic of the 'forty-eighters'188
The official Republic191
The Bonapartist dictatorship192
AppendixStatistics of the repression of the insurrection of December 1851196
Notes199
Bibliography204
Index of names209

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