Research in Education / Edition 9

Research in Education / Edition 9

by John W. Best, James V. Kahn
     
 

ISBN-10: 0205349978

ISBN-13: 9780205349975

Pub. Date: 07/15/2002

Publisher: Pearson Education

All professional workers should be familiar with the research methods and data analysis. If only as consumers, professionals should understand some of the techniques used in identifying problems, forming hypotheses, constructing and using data-gathering tools, designing research studies, and employing statistical procedures to analyze data. They should also be able

Overview

All professional workers should be familiar with the research methods and data analysis. If only as consumers, professionals should understand some of the techniques used in identifying problems, forming hypotheses, constructing and using data-gathering tools, designing research studies, and employing statistical procedures to analyze data. They should also be able to use this information to interpret and critically analyze research reports that appear in professional journals and other publications. This book allows them to do that and more. Written as a research reference, this book is ideal for anyone involved in or who carries on research as a professional activity. It's also filled with extensive discussion on the proper ways to write proposals and reports, carry out research and analyze data. This reference is ideal for people involved in educational research methods.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205349975
Publisher:
Pearson Education
Publication date:
07/15/2002
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
498
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.20(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

All chapters conclude with "Summary" and "References."

I. INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH: DEFINITIONS, RESEARCH PROBLEMS, PROPOSALS, AND REPORT WRITING.

1. The Meaning of Research.
The Search for Knowledge.
Science.
The Role of Theory.
Operational Definitions of Variables.
The Hypothesis.
Sampling.
What is Research?
Purposes of Research.
Assessment, Evaluation, and Descriptive Research.
Types of Educational Research.
Exercises.

2. Selecting a Problem and Preparing a Research Proposal.
The Academic Research Problem.
The Research Proposal.
Ethics in Human Experimentation.
Using the Library.
Note Taking.
References and Bibliography.
The First Research Project.
Submitting a Research Proposal to a Funding Agency.
Exercises.

3. The Research Report.
Style Manuals.
Format of the Research Report.
The Thesis or Dissertation.
Style of Writing.
Reference Form.
Pagination.
Tables.
Figures.
Evaluating a Research Report.

II. RESEARCH METHODS.

4. Historical Research.
The History of American Education.
History and Science.
The Historical Hypothesis.
Sources of Data.
Historical Criticism.
Writing the Historical Report.
Exercises.
Endnote.
Sample Article.

5. Descriptive Studies: Assessment, Evaluation, and Research.
Assessment Studies.
Evaluation Studies.
Assessment and Evaluation in Problem Solving.
The Follow-Up Study.
DescriptiveResearch.
Replication and Secondary Analysis.
The Post Hoc Fallacy.
Exercises.
Sample Article.

6. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research.
Early Experimentation.
Experimental and Control Groups.
Variables.
Controlling Extraneous Variables.
Experimental Validity.
Experimental Design.
Exercises.
Sample Article.

7. Single-Subject Experimental Research.
General Procedures.
Assessment.
Basic Designs.
Evaluating Data.
Exercises.
Endnotes.
Sample Article.

8. Qualitative Research.
Themes of Qualitative Research.
Research Questions.
Theoretical Traditions.
Research Strategies.
Data Collection Techniques.
Exercises.
Endnotes.
Sample Article.

9. Methods and Tools of Research.
Reliability and Validity of Research Tools.
Quantitative Studies.
Qualitative Studies.
Psychological and Educational Tests and Inventories.
Qualities of a Good Test and Inventory.
Types of Tests and Inventories.
Observation.
Inquiry Forms: The Questionnaire.
Inquiry Forms: The Opinionnaire.
The Interview.
Q Methodology.
Social Scaling.
Organization of Data Collection.
Limitations and Sources of Error.
Exercises.

III. DATA ANALYSIS.

10. Descriptive Data Analysis.
What is Statistics?
Parametric and Nonparametric Data.
Descriptive and Inferential Analysis
The Organization of Data.
Statistical Measures.
Normal Distribution.
Measures of Relationship.
Interpretation of a Correlation Coefficient.
Standard Error of Estimate.
A Note of Caution.
Exercises (Answers in Appendix I).
Endnote.

11. Inferential Data Analysis.
Statistical Inference.
The Central Limit Theorem.
Parametric Tests.
Testing Statistical Significance.
Decision Making.
Student's Distribution (t).
Homegeneity of Variances.
Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).
Analysis of Covariance(ANCOVA) and Partial Correlation.
Multiple Regression and Correlation.
Nonparametric Tests.
Exercises (Answers in Appendix I).

12. Computer Data Analysis.
The Computer.
Data Organization.
Computer Analysis of Data.
Endnotes.

Appendix A. Statistical Formulas and Symbols.

Appendix B. Sample Data Microsoft Excel Format.

Appendix C. Percentage of Area Lying Between the Mean and Successive Standard Deviation Units under the Normal Curve.

Appendix D. Critical Values for Pearson's Product-Moment Correlation.

Appendix E. Critical Values of Student's Distribution (t).

Appendix F. Abridged Table of Critical Values for Chi Square.

Appendix G. Critical Values of the F Distribution.

Appendix H. Research Report Evaluation.

Appendix I. Answers to Statistics Exercises.

Appendix J. Selected Indexes, Abstracts, and Reference Materials.

Author Index.

Subject Index.

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