Most chapters conclude with "Summary" and "References."
I. KNOWLEDGE BUILDING FOR SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE.
1. How Do We Get Our Knowledge?
Historical Origins of Current Attitudes.
Types of Knowledge.
Where Do We Get Our "Knowledge"?
Characteristics of the Scientific Alternative.
Quantitative and Qualitative Research.
The Traditional Scientific Research Process.
The Environment for Scientific Social Work Research.
2. Ethical Issues in Social Work Research.
Treatment of Research Participants.
Today's Standards for Treatment of Participants.
Other Ethical Obligations of Researchers.
II. BEGINNING THE RESEARCH PROCESS.
3. Research Problems and Questions.
Why We Begin with Research Problems.
Setting Problem Priorities.
Identifying the Real Problem.
Selecting Research Questions.
4. Using Existing Knowledge.
What Is the Review of Literature?
Purpose of the Review of Literature.
Potential Sources of "Literature."
Organizing the Literature Review.
Writing the Report of a Review of Literature.
5. Focused Research Questions and Hypotheses.
Focused Research Questions.
III. RESEARCH DESIGN ISSUES.
6. Introduction to Research Design.
What Is a Research Design?
The Purpose of Research Designs.
Broad Research Typologies.
The Knowledge Building Continuum.
Internal Validity and External Validity.
What is the "Best" Research Design?
Characteristics of Good Designs.
7. Qualitative Research Methods.
Interviewing in Qualitative Research.
Some Common Types of Qualitative Research.
8. Quantitative Research Methods.
Secondary Data Analysis.
Structured Observation Methods.
In-Person Interviews in Quantitative Research.
Data Collection by Mail.
Selecting a Good Sample.
Sampling Distributions and Sampling Error.
10. Measurement Concepts and Issues.
Preparation for Measurement.
Levels of Measurement.
Criteria for Good Measurement.
Cultural Issues in Measurement of Variables.
11. Use of Data Collection Instruments.
Fixed-Alternative and Open-Ended Items.
Indexes and Scales.
When Are Existing Instruments Appropriate for Use?
Use of Revised Instruments.
Constructing New Instruments.
Use of Self Administered Instruments.
12. Analyzing Data and Disseminating Findings.
The Data in Perspective.
Preparing for Statistical Analysis of Data.
Statistical Analysis of Research Data: An Overview.
Interpreting and Reporting the Results of Statistical Analysis.
Disseminating Research Knowledge.
IV. RESEARCH TO EVALUATE PRACTICE EFFECTIVENESS.
13. Evaluating Program Effectiveness.
What Is Program Evaluation?
What is the Appropriate Design for a Program Evaluation?
Other Types of Evaluation Research.
Who Should Conduct Evaluative Research?
The Political Context of Program Evaluation.
Reports of Program Evaluations.
14. Evaluating Individual Practice Effectiveness.
Characteristics of a Single System Research.
Conducting Single System Research.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Single System Research.