Research Methods in Biomechanics / Edition 1

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This text provides a firm foundation in the biomechanical methods and tools necessary for quantifying human movements. Research Methods in Biomechanics is an invaluable resource for developing and seasoned researchers wishing to hone their skills and learn new techniques in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data.

The reference shows how the laws of motion are applied to complex human movements. The text demonstrates how to combine segments to obtain limb or total-body measures. All the material is presented in such a way that you need only basic knowledge of Newtonian mechanics and vector algebra to benefit.

The easy-to-navigate book is organized into 11 chapters and three parts. Part 1 describes the kinematics of motion using 2- and 3-D analyses. Part 2 considers the kinetics of motion with respect to quantifying forces, work, impulse, and power. Both 2- and 3-D analyses are again provided, as well as methods to directly and indirectly measure forces. Part 3 examines numerous additional techniques to quantify motion, including electromyography, muscle modeling, and computer simulation.

Research Methods in Biomechanics contains extensive tables, reference materials, and other features that will enhance your understanding of the material:
-Each chapter begins with objectives that enable you to quickly access different topics.

-Exercises appear throughout the text, allowing you to test your skills.

-Key terms are highlighted and defined in a handy glossary.

-Current studies from scholarly journals are analyzed to demonstrate how different methods and techniques apply in actual research experiments.

-Suggested readings provide direction for deeper study.
This text will help you test your skills in using a variety of research methods and apply the requirements and steps necessary for valid data collection. It is a must-have for biomechanics professionals, researchers, and students.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Matthew K. Seeley, M.S.(University of Kentucky)
Description: This is a thorough description of instrumentation, and the theory driving the instrumentation, necessary to complete an accurate and valid biomechanical analysis.
Purpose: The authors propose to meet several worthy objectives. The primary purpose is to serve as an aid to kinesiologists, engineers, and other laboratory researchers while conducting human movement research. The book outlines many of the mathematical and technical tools used to observe human motion, specifically covering the measurement of kinematics and kinetics. Generally, the book covers electromyography, muscle modeling, computer simulation, and signal processing. The authors satisfactorily meet each of the objectives.
Audience: The intended audience is a mixture of kinesiology and biomedical engineering students and various laboratory scientists. The authors state up front that readers should have previously taken an introductory biomechanics course. Readers should also be familiar with basic algebraic processes and vector composition, although the authors are forgiving to those who do not approach the text with a background in these areas; a brief review is provided in many of the areas. Finally, this combination of authors provides a very strong and credible source of elucidation on research methods in biomechanics.
Features: This book discusses the observation, in two and three dimensions, of human kinematics and kinetics. It also explains the theory behind and instrumentation used in the study of electromyography, muscle modeling, computer simulation, and signal processing. The content of is more extensive and thorough than any other biomechanics book I have been exposed to. Because the authors expect readers to begin with a background in biomechanics, they are able to delve deeper into many of the issues essential to research. This makes the book especially helpful to graduate students in various related fields. The book also uses excerpts from current and past scientific literature to explain especially important concepts.
Assessment: This is an excellent reference for any advanced study of biomechanics. As a PhD student preparing to take my qualifying exams, I have used this book to refresh my memory on a wide variety of biomechanical concepts. The book would prove especially helpful to graduate students of kinesiology and should be used in graduate courses.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780736039666
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
  • Publication date: 4/21/2004
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 8.62 (w) x 11.16 (h) x 0.89 (d)

Meet the Author

D. Gordon E. Robertson, PhD, wrote Introduction to Biomechanics for Human Motion Analysis and coauthored Canadian Foundations of Physical Education, Recreation and Sport Studies. He has taught undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics at the University of British Columbia and currently teaches at the University of Ottawa. He is also Web page editor for the Canadian Society for Biomechanics.

Dr. Joseph Hamill (fellow of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance; American College of Sports Medicine; and American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education) is coauthor of a popular undergraduate textbook, Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement. He teaches undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics and is director of the exercise science department at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Dr. Graham E. Caldwell (fellow of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics) teaches undergraduate- and graduate-level biomechanics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and previously held a similar faculty position at the University of Maryland. He is a winner of the Canadian Society for Biomechanics New Investigator Award, and in 1998 he won the Outstanding Teacher Award for the School of Public Health and Health Sciences at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Recently he served as an associate editor for Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

Dr. Gary Kamen (fellow of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance and American College of Sports Medicine) is author of an undergraduate textbook on kinesiology,Introduction to Exercise Science. He is former president of the Research Consortium of AAPHERD and teaches undergraduate and graduate courses in motor behavior and motor control in the exercise science department at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.

Dr. Saunders (Sandy) N. Whittlesey is a research associate at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. He has a background in mathematics, engineering, and electronics and works as a technical consultant for FootJoy and Titleist.

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Table of Contents

Introduction Biomechanics Analysis Techniques: A Primer
What Tools Are Needed in Biomechanics?
Applications of the Principles of Biomechanics: An Example
Numerical Accuracy and Significant Digits

Part I. Kinematics
Chapter 1.
Planar Kinematics

-Description of Position

-Degrees of Freedom

-Kinematic Data Collection

-Linear Kinematics

-Angular Kinematics


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 2. Three-Dimensional Kinematics

-Scalars, Vectors, and Matrices

-Collection of Three-Dimensional Data

-Coordinate Systems

-Marker Systems

-Determination of the Local Coordinate System

-Transformations Between Reference Systems

-Joint Angles

-Segment Angles


-Suggested Readings
Part II: Kinetics
Chapter 3.
Body Segment Parameters

-Methods for Measuring and Estimating Body Segment Parameters

-Two-Dimensional (Planar) Computational Methods

-Three-Dimensional (Spatial) Computational Methods


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 4. Forces and Their Measurement


-Newton's Laws

-Free-Body Diagrams

-Types of Forces

-Moment of Force, or Torque

-Linear Impulse and Momentum

-Angular Impulse and Momentum

-Measurement of Force


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 5. Two-Dimensional Inverse Dynamics

-Planar Motion Analysis

-Numerical Formulation

-General Plane Motion

-Method of Sections

-Human Joint Kinetics



-Suggested Readings
Chapter 6. Energy, Work, and Power

-Energy, Work, and the Laws of Thermodynamics

-Conservation of Mechanical Energy

-Ergometry: Direct Methods

-Ergometry: Indirect Methods

-Mechanical Efficiency


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 7. Three-Dimensional Kinetics

-Laboratory Setup

-Data Required for Three-Dimensional Analysis

-Sources of Error in Three-Dimensional Calculations

-Three-Dimensional Kinetics Calculations

-Presentation of the Data


-Suggested Readings
Part III: Additional Techniques
Chapter 8.
Electromyographic Kinesiology

-Physiology of the Electromyographic Signal

-Recording and Acquiring the Electromyographic Signal

-Analyzing and Interpreting the Electromyographic Signal

-Applications of Electromyographic Techniques


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 9. Muscle Modeling

-The Hill Muscle Model

-Musculoskeletal Models


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 10. Computer Simulation of Human Movement

-Overview: Modeling As a Process

-Why Simulate Human Movement?

-General Procedure for Simulations

-Free-Body Diagrams

-Differential Equations

-Model Derivation: Lagrange's Equation of Motion

-Numerical Solution Techniques

-Control Theory

-Limitations of Computer Models


-Suggested Readings
Chapter 11. Signal Processing

-Characteristics of a Signal

-Fourier Transform

-Wavelet Transform

-Sampling Theorem

-Ensuring Circular Continuity

-Smoothing Data


-Suggested Readings
Appendix A. International System of Units
Appendix B. Selected Factors for Converting Between Units of Measure
Appendix C. Basic Electronics
Appendix D. Vector Operations
Appendix E. Matrix Operations
Appendix F. Numerical Integration of Double Pendulum Equations
Appendix G. Derivation of Double Pendulum Equations
Appendix H. Discrete Fourier Transform Subroutine
Appendix I. Shannon's Reconstruction Subroutine

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