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"This is a wonderful text book for an educational research course, and a highly desirable resource to help students or educators gain profound insight about methods, designs, procedures, and writing of educational research."
Leping Liu, University of Nevada, Reno
"This text is the most "user-friendly" research text that I have found. The progression of ideas is wonderful, building on prior concepts without overwhelming or confusing the reader."
Roxanne DelaVecchia, Towson University
A classic in its field, Research Methods in Education, Eighth Edition explores quantitative and qualitative research from beginning to end, starting with the formulation of a research question straight through to publication. Retaining the clear, concise writing style and organization that has made this text so popular, Research Methods in Education helps students evaluate research literature as well as master research methodology.
New To This Edition
Research Navigator access is provided with the text and integration is provided through the use of key-term icons and chapter ending activities. This database provides discipline-specific academic resources as well as helpful tips on the writing process, online research, and finding and citing valid sources. See the inside front cover for details!
Each chapter concludes with a “Summary,” “Key Concepts,” “Exercises,” “Notes,” and “References.”
1. Educational Research: Its Nature and Characteristics.
The Nature of Educational Research.
Classification of Educational Research.
The Role of Theory.
The Activities of the Research Process.
2. Identification of a Research Problem.
Selection of a Research Problem.
Statement of the Research Problem.
3. The Review of the Literature.
The Activities of the Review of the Literature.
Sources of Information.
Computer Searches of Databases.
Selecting Studies for the Review of the Literature.
Assembling and Summarizing Information.
Interpreting and Using Information.
4. Research Design in Quantitative Research.
The Purposes of Research Design.
The Concept of Controlling Variance.
Characteristics of Good Research Design.
5. Experimental Research.
The Meaning of Experimental Design.
Criteria for a Well-Designed Experiment.
Posttest-Only Control Group Design.
Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design.
Solomon Four-Group Design.
Repeated Measures Designs.
Designs Extended in Time.
Interpreting Results of Experiments.
Randomness and Representativeness.
6. Quasi-Experimental Research.
The Problems of Validity.
Posttest-Only, Nonequivalent Control Group Design.
Pretest-Posttest, Nonequivalent Control Group Design.
Time Series Designs.
Action Research and Quasi-Experimental Research.
7. Non-Experimental Quantitative Research.
Non-Experimental Quantitative Research: Its Scope and Description.
The Methodology of Survey Research.
Analyzing and Reporting Survey Results.
8. Research Design in Qualitative Research.
The Epistemology of Qualitative Research.
Components of Research Design.
Types of Designs in Qualitative Research.
Perspectives for Qualitative Research.
Reliability and Validity of Qualitative Research.
Use of Technology in Qualitative Research.
9. Historical Research.
The Value of Historical Research.
Sources of Information in Historical Research.
The Methodology of Historical Research.
Quantitative Methods in Historical Research.
Comments on the Reporting of Historical Research.
10. Ethnographic Research.
The Nature of Ethnography in Education.
A Conceptual Schema for Ethnographic Research.
The Process of Ethnographic Research.
Examples of Ethnographic Research in Education.
The Reliability and Validity of Ethnographic Research.
The Role of Ethnographic Research.
11. Mixed, Modeling and Delphi Methods.
12. Sampling Designs.
The Concept of a Random Sample.
Criteria for a Sampling Design.
Stratified Random Sampling.
Considerations in Determining Sample Size — Random Sampling.
13. Measurement and Data Collection.
Concepts of Measurement.
The Variables Measured in Educational Research.
Tests and Inventories Used for Measurement.
Measures Involving Holistic Scoring.
Where to Find Test Information.
Scoring and Data Preparation.
14. Data Analysis: Descriptive Statistics.
The Multiple Meanings of Statistics.
Correlation — A Measure of Relationship.
Data Analysis by Computer.
15. Data Analysis: Inferential Statistics.
Context for Using Inferential Statistics.
Testing Hypotheses and Estimating Parameters.
Inferences from Statistics to Parameters: A Review.
Selecting an Appropriate Statistical Analysis.
Comments About Statistical Analysis.
16. Communicating about Research.
Major Sections of the Research Proposal.
Major Sections of the Research Report.
Other Sections of the Research Report.
Putting a Report Together.
Guidelines for Presenting Papers at Meetings.
Presentations to Dissertation and Thesis Committees.
16. Evaluating Research Reports.
Types of Errors and Shortcomings in Reports.
Critiquing Major Sections of a Research Report.
Overall Impressions When Evaluating a Report.
The Evaluation of Proposals.
Appendix 1: Ethical and Legal Considerations in Conducting Research.
Appendix 2: Solutions to Exercises.
Appendix 3: Tables.
Glossary of Research Methods Terms.