Reserves, Electronic Reserves, and Copyright: The Past and the Future

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Prepare your library for the changing role of course reserve collections

Reserves, Electronic Reserves, and Copyright: The Past and the Future provides you with a comprehensive understanding of how the traditional role of reserve collections in education has evolved to reflect changes in technologies, copyright laws, and perhaps more important, perceptions of copyright laws. This unique book demonstrates how librarians have allowed their copyright policies and practices to be shaped by rhetoric from publishers and their own misinterpretations of copyright law instead of the actual legal aspects that apply to course reserves. Author Brice Austin, Head of Circulation and Interlibrary Loan Services at the University of Colorado, presents practical strategies for adapting your reserves to the changing world of higher education, focusing on new teaching methods and electronic resources.

In addition to providing a historical overview of reserves and copyrights, Reserves, Electronic Reserves, and Copyright: The Past and the Future offers practical methods for getting the copyright flexibility you need from your course reserves by emphasizing economic instead of legal arguments. You'll find strategies for protecting yourself against a decline in the significance of course reserves as libraries and publishers move from print-based to electronic formats. The book encourages you to take a proactive stance on the future of your reserves operation by: 1) exploiting your position as publishers' customers to your advantage, 2) making full use of Fair Use, and 3) forging partnerships with other campus entities in order to offer expanded, multifaceted reserves services.

Reserves, Electronic Reserves, and Copyright: The Past and the Future examines:

  • the origins of the practice of setting materials aside from the main library collection
  • the introduction of a “new method of photography”—the copy machine
  • the 1976 copyright law revisions, including fair use, reproductions by libraries, and classroom guidelines
  • lawsuits against New York University and Kinko’s Graphics Corporation
  • the history of electronic reserves
  • and much more!

Reserves, Electronic Reserves, and Copyright: The Past and the Future also contains several appendices, including Section 108 of the United States Copyright Law and “Applying Fair Use in the Development of Electronic Reserves Systems” from the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). The book is an invaluable professional resource for librarians at academic institutions, especially those charged with administering electronic reserves.
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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Bruce A. Johnston, MLS (Duquesne University)
Description: This book, copublished simultaneously as Journal of Interlibrary Loan, Document Delivery, and Electronic Reserve (Volume 15, Number 2, 2004), provides a detailed description of the evolution of academic course reserves from their inception in the 1870s through the present exponential growth of electronic reserves. Intermingled among the various developmental aspects of academic course reserves is an analysis of the impact of both technology and legislation.
Purpose: In addition to a well-researched and documented historical presentation of academic course reserves, the author provides an extensive analysis of the complex and often ambiguous relationship between reserves and copyright. This book fulfills its purpose and further encourages discussion of future trends in course reserves.
Audience: This work is directed primarily at academic libraries and staff involved in the course reserve function — both traditional paper reserves as well as electronic. Individuals interested in copyright issues and implications will also find this book relevant. The author has published frequently in the library and information science literature in the areas of information retrieval, remote storage, and electronic reserves.
Features: The initial chapters describe the evolution of academic course reserves. Early chapters address the rationale for "setting aside" originals, the impact of the photocopier, and the ramifications of copyright legislation. An interesting analysis of early attempts to develop electronic reserve mechanisms is followed by a section outlining recent developments in the rapid expansion of electronic reserves. The final section presents three possible future scenarios for academic reserves. Without academic libraries spearheading proactive positions in forcefully addressing copyright issues with publishers, maximizing Fair Use provisions, and partnering with other campus entities, course reserves could disappear and be replaced by faculty-developed courseware systems.
Assessment: This book presents an informative historical description of academic course reserves as well useful discussions of the evolution of electronic reserves. Analysis of the complex and evolving relationship between reserve and copyright prompts further discussion and interpretation. This well-researched and documented book fills a niche in one important function of any academic library, and provides useful strategies for advancing academic course reserves in the rapidly changing environment of higher education.

3 Stars from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780789027962
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 4/28/2005
  • Pages: 124
  • Product dimensions: 8.70 (w) x 6.22 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1. The Era of “Originals”: 1870-1939
  • Chapter 2. The Rise of the Copy Machine: 1940-1975
  • Chapter 3. The 1976 Copyright Law Revision
  • Section 107: Fair Use
  • Section 108: Reproduction by Libraries
  • The “Classroom Guidelines”
  • Library Interpretation of the Law, 1977-81
  • Effect of the 1976 Law
  • Chapter 4. The “Model Policy,” NYU and Kinko’s: 1982-1991
  • The “Model Policy”
  • The New York University Lawsuit
  • Policy vs. Practice: The “Kinko’s” Case
  • Chapter 5. The Past and Present of Electronic Reserves: 1991-2004
  • Origin and Rationale
  • Early Experiments: 1991-1994
  • Proliferation of Electronic Reserves: 1995-1999
  • Recent Developments
  • Chapter 6. The Futures of Course Reserves
  • Future 1: Libraries Will No Longer Provide Course Reserves
  • Future 2: Libraries Will Offer Only Very Limited Course Reserve Services
  • Future 3: Libraries Will Offer Expanded, Multi-Faceted Course Reserve Services
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Appendices
  • Appendix A. Section 108 of the United States Copyright Law (U.S.C. 1982)
  • Appendix B. Agreement on Guidelines for Classroom Copying in Not-For-Profit Educational Institutions with Respect to Books and Periodicals
  • Appendix C. Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Reserve Use
  • Appendix D. Fair-Use Guidelines for Electronic Reserve Systems
  • Appendix E. Applying Fair Use in the Development of Electronic Reserves Systems, November 2003
  • Bibliography
  • Index
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