Reshaping the Future: Education and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Reshaping the Future: Education and Post-Conflict Reconstruction

by Staff of the World Bank, Peter Buckland
     
 

ISBN-10: 0821359592

ISBN-13: 9780821359594

Pub. Date: 10/15/2004

Publisher: World Bank Publications

The aim of 'Reshaping the Future' is to draw international attention to the key role that education can play in both preventing conflict and in reconstructing post-conflict societies. The author also hopes to alert developing countries and donors alike to the devastating consequences of conflict on a country's education systems and outcomes, as well to emphasize the

Overview

The aim of 'Reshaping the Future' is to draw international attention to the key role that education can play in both preventing conflict and in reconstructing post-conflict societies. The author also hopes to alert developing countries and donors alike to the devastating consequences of conflict on a country's education systems and outcomes, as well to emphasize the importance of maximizing the opportunities to reform education systems presented by a reconstruction setting, adopting a long-term development perspective, and emphasizing equity and quality in the delivery of education services.

Every education system has the potential to exacerbate the conditions that contribute to violent conflict. Based on this notion, the author argues that education warrants high priority in both humanitarian response and post-conflict reconstruction. The central message of this book is that education plays key role in both conflict prevention and in the reconstruction of post-conflict societies. It highlights significant findings on education and post-conflict reconstruction drawn from thorough research and literature review, a survey and database of key indicators for 52 conflict-affected countries, and a review of 12 country studies.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780821359594
Publisher:
World Bank Publications
Publication date:
10/15/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
116
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.04(h) x 0.31(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgmentsix
Forewordxi
Acronyms and Abbreviationsxiii
Executive Summaryxv
1Introduction1
Relationship between Conflict and Poverty2
Relationship between Education and Conflict2
The Present Study3
2Conflict, Poverty, and Education7
Factors Affecting Conflict Risk8
Characteristics of Resilience to Conflict11
3The Impact of Conflict on Education13
Destructive Effects of Conflict16
Surprising Resilience of Educational Systems21
Postconflict Reconstruction Conundrum25
4Preliminary Lessons29
Key Factors29
Key Principles30
Conflict Analysis32
Operating Environment34
Sequencing Interventions35
Leveraging Interim Arrangements and Transitional Mechanisms36
Prioritizing within a System-wide Approach37
Building on Existing Initiatives37
Demonstrating Early and Visible Impact38
Encouraging Community Involvement38
Early Initiation of Technical and Capacity-building Work39
Building Effective Partnerships39
5Promising Directions in System Reconstruction41
Sector Assessment41
Challenges for Decentralization42
Education Access46
Quality Improvement47
Qualified Teachers49
Curriculum Issues52
Financing and Governance54
Specific Postconflict Challenges57
6Neglected Issues63
Sectoral Imbalance63
Challenges of Interagency Coordination64
Refugees and Internally Displaced Populations66
Youth and Adult Education68
Interlinked Initiatives71
The Role of Private Education71
7A Role for the World Bank75
Deployment of Bank Resources76
Neglected Areas of Youth and Secondary Education81
8Concluding Comments85
Index87
Boxes
4.1Sinclair's Principles of Emergency Education31
5.1Summary of Key Lessons from Central America43
6.1Strategies that Address Youth Unemployment and Exclusion72
Figures
3.1Burundi: Gross Enrollment Rate, 1988-199917
3.2Burundi: Net Enrollment Rate, 1990-200021
3.3Gross Enrollment Rates and Conflict22
3.4Enrollment Trends in Rwanda, 1970-200124
3.5Enrollment Trends in Timor Leste, 1976-200124
4.1The Education Reconstruction Continuum35
5.1Timor Leste Enrollment Poverty Gap, 200147
5.2Education Expenditure as Percentage of Gross Domestic Product55
6.1United Nations Coordination Mechanisms Affecting Education Reconstruction65
Tables
3.1Refugee Populations above 200,000 Located within Same Region as Country of Origin15
3.2Schools Requiring Repair or Reconstruction after Conflict17
7.1Analysis of World Bank Loan and Grant Education Expenditure (Completed and Active) in 21 Conflict-Affected Countries, 1994-200277

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