Resilient Cultures: America's Native Peoples Confront European Colonization 1500-1800 / Edition 2

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Overview

Provides a comparative perspective on the impact of early European colonization on the native peoples of the Americas.

Resilient Cultures examines the character of the indigenous cultures of the Americas before European contact and then considers the impact of colonization by the Spanish, Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English as well as the creative ways in which indigenous cultures adapted to colonization.

The text explores such issues as environmental change, the nature of military conflicts, the cultural and material contributions of each side to the other, the importance of economic exchanges, and demographic transformations.

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book readers will be able to:

  • Understand the impact of European colonization on the native societies of the Americas
  • Explain how native cultures were transformed by the unprecedented pressures placed on them by the European settlements
  • Discuss the ways local indigenous people influenced the course of colonial history, affecting the economies, cultures, and social patterns of the European settlers

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205098576 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205098576.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205693580
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/11/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 224
  • Sales rank: 1,091,692
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.40 (d)

Meet the Author

John E. Kicza is the former department of history co-chair at Washington State University. He was as an associate dean of the college of liberal arts at WSU from 2001–2005 and served on the graduate faculty of the American studies program. He is also a former Edward R. Meyer distinguished professor. Kicza received his Ph.D. from UCLA in 1979. His fields of expertise are Latin American history and early European overseas culture contacts. His books include The Indian in Latin American History: Resistance, Resilience, and Acculturation (Scholarly Resources, 2000) and The Social History of Spanish America in the National Period (Academia

Nacional de la Historia de Venezuela, 1998). His articles, chapters and entries have appeared in such journals as the William and Mary Quarterly, Hispanic American Historical Review, Renaissance Quarterly and the Latin American Research Review. He retired in June 2009.

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Table of Contents

Found in this section:

1. Brief Table of Contents

2. Full Table of Contents


1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Documents

List of Illustrations

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 2 The Native Societies of the Americas Before Contact

Chapter 3 The Conquests and Initial Establishment of Colonies in Latin America

Chapter 4 Colonial Spanish America and Its Impact on the Sedentary Imperial Societies

Chapter 5 Spanish and Portuguese Interactions with Semisedentary and Nonsedentary Peoples

Chapter 6 Native Responses to Settlement in the East and Southwest in North America

Chapter 7 The British and the Indians of Eastern North America

Chapter 8 Enduring Connections between the New World and the Old

Bibliography

Index


2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS

List of Documents

List of Illustrations

Preface

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: The Native Societies of the Americas Before Contact

The Coming of Humans to the Americas and the Agricultural Revolution

Sedentary Imperial Societies

Landholding Patterns and Forms of Production and Distribution

Empires and Warfare

Semisedentary Societies

The Primacy of Community and Lineage

Nonsedentary Hunters and Gatherers

The Native Population of the Americas on the Eve of Contact

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 3: The Conquests and Initial Establishment of Colonies in Latin America

The European Setting

Iberia’s Early Efforts at Exploration

Spaniards in the Caribbean

Organization and Functioning of Spanish Expeditions of Conquest

Conquest of the Sedentary Imperial Societies

Conquest of Semisedentary and Nonsedentary Peoples

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 4: Colonial Spanish America and Its Impact on the Sedentary Imperial Societies

Spanish Colonists and Their Expectations

Retention of Indigenous Provincial Organization

Fragmentation and Its Impact

Demographic Collapse and Its Consequences

Tribute and Labor Service Systems

Urban Indians

Race Mixture and Its Recognition

Creative Adaptations at the Local Level

Changes in Material Culture

The Christianization of Native Peoples

The Cult of the Saints

Language and Cultural Change in Mesoamerican Communities

The Character of Native Revolts

The Impact of Eighteenth-Century Population Growth

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 5: Spanish and Portuguese Interactions with Semisedentary and Nonsedentary Peoples

Migration and an Enduring Frontier among the Maya of the Yucatan Peninsula

Muted Transformations among the Pacified Maya

The Portuguese and the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil

Spanish Settlement among the Guaraní of Greater Paraguay

The Araucanians of Southern Chile

Limited Spanish Success against the Hunter-Gatherers of the Mexican Desert North

Missions in Northern Mexico

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 6: Native Responses to Settlement in the East and Southwest in North America

Spain in Eastern North America

Spain in the American Southwest

The French Arrival in Canada

The French Avoidance of Conflicts over Land and Authority

The Fur Trade and the Huron

French Warfare against the Iroquois

French Settlement along the St. Lawrence in the Eighteenth Century

The Canadian West and Mississippi River Valley in the Eighteenth Century

The Dutch in New Netherland

The Dutch Fur Trade at Fort Orange

Dutch Settlement around New Amsterdam and Its Impact on the Native Peoples

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 7: The British and the Indians of Eastern North America

Early English Undertakings in North America

Jamestown and English Settlement in the Chesapeake

Puritan Settlement in New England and the Rapid Transformation of the Local Peoples

The Iroquois in the Eighteenth Century

The Carolinas in the Eighteenth Century

Native Peoples West of the Appalachians in the Eighteenth Century

Conclusion

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Chapter 8: Enduring Connections between the New World and the Old

The Movement of Peoples

The Movement of Diseases

The Movement of Animals

The Movement of Plants

The Movement of Precious Metals

By Way of Conclusion–Enduring Patterns in the Americas

Select Bibliography

Endnotes

Bibliography

Index

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