Resort To War: 1816 - 2007 / Edition 1

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More About This Textbook


The benchmark reference for understanding the phenomenon of war.

Resort to War analyzes more than 600 wars, beginning in 1816, using the authoritative, highly standardized, and systematic coding methods developed by the Correlates of War Project, which aims to reveal the underlying patterns and causes of war.

Resort to War lists and categorizes all violent conflicts with 1,000 or more annual battle deaths and provides an insightful narrative for each struggle, while distinguishing the types of war, from traditional inter-state war; the phenomenon of extra-state war, as evidenced by the al-Qaida-U.S. conflagration; intra-state war; and the new category of non-state war. Scholars Meredith Reid Sarkees and Frank Whelon Wayman explain how to determine what a "state" is and how to classify different types of wars, describe the encounter and highlight major patterns across eras and regions, identify which categories of war are becoming more or less prevalent over time, and reveal connections between the different types of war.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780872894341
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 4/20/2010
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 712
  • Sales rank: 495,498
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 10.10 (h) x 1.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments xi

Foreword, founder of the Correlates of War Project J. David Singer xiii

Preface, Correlates of War Project historian Melvin Small xv

Introduction 1

The Debate: Is War Evolving? 2

The Need for Systematic Studies of War 5

Brief History of the Correlates of War Project 6

Purpose of This Work 8

1 The Interstate and International Systems 11

Theoretical Foundations: State Actors in the International System 11

Five Nested Systems 14

The Correlates of War Interstate System 15

The International System 26

The Central System and the Major Power System 34

2 Defining and Categorizing Wars Meredith Reid Sarkees 39

Defining War and a Typology of War 39

The Initial Classification 41

An Expanded Typology of War 45

The Coding of Wars 48

Describing Inter-state War 61

Describing Extra-state War 63

Describing Intra-state War 64

Describing Non-state War 70

3 The Inter-State Wars 75

List of Inter-state Wars in Chronological Order 76

Individual Descriptions of Inter-state Wars 78

Analyzing Inter-state Wars 188

4 The Extra-State Wars 193

List of Extra-state Wars in Chronological Order 195

Individual Descriptions of Extra-state Wars 198

Analyzing Extra-state Wars 333

5 The Intra-State Wars Meredith Reid Sarkees 337

Defining Intra-state War 337

Civil Wars 338

Regional and Inter-communal Wars 340

List of Intra-state Wars in Chronological Order 342

Individual Descriptions of Intra-state Wars 347

Analyzing Intra-state Wars 481

6 The Non-State Wars 485

List of Non-state Wars in Chronological Order 487

Individual Descriptions of Non-state Wars 488

Analyzing Non-state Wars 537

7 What Do We Know About War? Meredith Reid Sarkees 541

War and Religion 542

War and Psychology 543

War and Philosophy 544

New Wars? 556

A Comprehensive View of Trends in Modern War 560

What Do the New Data Tell Us? 562

Appendix: Chronological List of All Wars 579

Selected Bibliography 595

Index 649

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