The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury / Edition 1

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The field of critical care medicine is in the midst of a dramatic change. Technological and scientific advances during the last decade have resulted in a fundamental change in the way we view disease processes, such as sepsis, shock, acute lung injury, and traumatic brain injury. Pediatric intensivists have been both witness to and active participants in bringing about these changes and it is imperative that all physicians caring for critically ill children in this new era have a thorough understanding of the applicability of these modern developments to the care of patients at the bedside and to keep up with the rapidly evolving field of critical care medicine. The respiratory system is unique in that it is constantly exposed to a barrage of foreign substances from both the internal and external environment. Many diseases affect the pediatric respiratory system, a large number of whom are not associated with acute respiratory failure. Nevertheless, these constitute a major portion of the practice of pediatric critical care medicine and can account for significant morbidity and mortality. The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury has been written by an international panel of experts to provide an in-depth review of respiratory disease in the critically ill or injured child. This book is therefore an ideal reference for all involved in the management of the pediatric critically ill patient, from physicians, residents and fellows in critical care, pulmonology, and cardiology, and pediatricians to specialist nurses and support personnel on the pediatric intensive care unit and all medical professionals who are involved in the management of these patients.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: David J. Dries, MD (University of Minnesota Medical School)
Description: Pulmonary issues including mechanical ventilation and pediatric respiratory disease are the focus of this softcover book, a component of an earlier comprehensive work, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Basic Science and Clinical Evidence, by the same authors (Springer, 2007).
Purpose: An overview of pulmonary dysfunction and support in the critical care unit is provided.
Audience: Senior trainees and practitioners managing critical ill children are an appropriate audience for this work, which has editorial leadership from pediatric critical care programs at the University of Cincinnati and the University of Michigan.
Features: Pertinent physiology for intensivists is reviewed, followed by procedures and therapies including conventional and high frequency mechanical ventilation. Other therapies with specific applications to pediatrics, such as surfactant, nitric oxide, and extracorporeal life support are also discussed. The final chapters focus on congenital abnormalities, asthma, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and neuromuscular disorders. A brief chapter updates readers on pediatric lung transplantation. Chapters are clearly written and line drawings and tables reproduce well, although black-and-white photographs are less clear. A small number of bronchoscopic images are in color. Most, but not all, chapters are referenced with citations featuring original work dating back to three to four years prior to the date of publication. The table of contents lists chapters and acknowledges authorship while the brief subject index provides adequate access to content.
Assessment: This book provides an excellent review of critical care physiology in a discussion of mechanical ventilation and other therapies. The authors effectively blend adult and pediatric data. Acute respiratory failure accounts for half of all admissions to pediatric critical care units. Thus, the importance of this work.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781848009240
  • Publisher: Springer London
  • Publication date: 12/11/2008
  • Edition description: 2009
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 254
  • Product dimensions: 8.20 (w) x 10.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Respiratory Physiology, Disorders of the Pediatric Chest, Respiratory Monitoring, Bronchoscopy in the PICU, Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Mechanical Ventilation, Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury, Prone Positioning, High Frequency Oscillatory Ventilation, Pulmonary Surfactant: Biology and Therapy , Nitric Oxide, Extracorporeal Life Support in Children with Acute Respiratory Failure, Diseases of the Upper Respiratory Tract,Congenital Airway and Respiratory Tract Anomalies, Status Asthmaticus, Bronchiolitis, Pneumonia and Empyema, Pediatric Lung Transplantation , Neuromuscular Respiratory Failure, Diseases of the Pulmonary Vascular System

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