Responding to Troubled Youth / Edition 1

Responding to Troubled Youth / Edition 1

by Cheryl L. Maxson, Malcolm W. Klein
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195098536

ISBN-13: 9780195098532

Pub. Date: 06/28/1997

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

This book provides an overview of the dominant philosophical approaches and practices in handling status offenders—those children who habitually resist the control of their parents and schools, who run away from home, who drink and stay out after curfew. The three basic and competing social philosophies in responding to these troubled and troublesome

Overview

This book provides an overview of the dominant philosophical approaches and practices in handling status offenders—those children who habitually resist the control of their parents and schools, who run away from home, who drink and stay out after curfew. The three basic and competing social philosophies in responding to these troubled and troublesome youths—discussed at length in this book—are known as the treatment, deterrence, and normalization rationales. In examining these philosophies, the authors consider the quality and quantity of response to and for status offenders at local community service outlets in seven different cities. In this way, Maxson and Klein are able to determine whether such response practices conform with the ideological thrusts embedded in state legislation.
The results will surprise many legislative and youth service policy professionals. Agency characteristics, service-delivery patterns, and youth clients do indeed reflect the treatment, deterrence, and normalization rationales, but in ways that have little bearing on the dominant philosophies embodied by state legislation.
Special chapters are devoted to those minors most likely to slip through the safety-net of youth service —chronic runaways and street kids. The authors discuss the implications of their findings for lawmakers and policy developers.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195098532
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
06/28/1997
Series:
Studies in Crime and Public Policy Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
6.25(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

1 Research Context
3(22)
Introduction
3(2)
The Background
5(20)
2 Background Literature and Conceptual Approach
25(17)
The Evolving Federal Policy on Status Offenders
26(1)
National Statistical Trends on Status Offenders
27(2)
Research on State Laws, Policies, and Approaches
29(3)
Research on the Impact of DSO
32(5)
Implications for DSO II
37(4)
Note
41(1)
3 Three Philosophies That Can Make a Difference
42(17)
Three DSO Rationales
43(1)
Site Selection
44(2)
Selected Site Practices
46(5)
Three Philosophies, Three Kinds of Agencies
51(6)
Summary
57(1)
Notes
58(1)
4 Legislative Analysis, With Linda Szymanski
59(10)
Legislative Coding Scheme
59(5)
Patterns of Status Offender Legislation
64(3)
Summary
67(1)
Notes
68(1)
5 Youth Service Delivery in Seven Cities
69(32)
Introduction
69(2)
The Social Agencies
71(17)
The Churches
88(5)
The Schools
93(6)
Summary
99(1)
Notes
99(2)
6 State Mandates and Agency Service Delivery to Status Offenders, With Margaret A. Gordon
101(39)
Introduction
101(3)
Tests of Legislative Rationale and Agency Service Delivery
103(30)
Summary
133(1)
Two Alternative Models
134(4)
Notes
138(2)
7 Status Offenders in Three Contrasting Settings
140(12)
Introduction
140(5)
Youth Interview Data
145(3)
Tests of Legislative Rationale and Youth Characteristics
148(2)
Summary
150(2)
8 The Unserved Runaways in Three Cities, Margaret A. Little
152(27)
Introduction
152(1)
Methods
153(1)
Who Are the Street Kids?: Descriptive Data on the Sample Interviewed
154(11)
Services: Availability, Impediments to Utilization, and Self-Help
165(7)
The Three Rationales at the Street Level
172(3)
Street Life: Transition Period or Lifelong Career?
175(4)
9 Runaway Services
179(10)
Informal Services
181(1)
Special Services for Chronic Runaways
182(1)
Agency Knowledge of the Youth Street Scene
183(3)
Youth Reports of Hangouts
186(1)
Youth Reports of Informal Services
187(1)
Summary
187(2)
Epilogue 189(2)
Appendix A: Score Sheet for State Profile 191(3)
Appendix B: Youth Services Survey 194(5)
References 199(4)
Index 203

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