Rethinking Technology: A Reader in Architectural Theory

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Rethinking Technology is an essential reference for all students of architecture, design and the built environment; providing a convenient single source for all the key texts in the recent literature on architecture and technology. The essays included are chronicles, manifestos, reflections, and theories produced by architects and architectural writers. Arranged in chronological order of original publication, these essays allow comparisons to be made between writings produced in a similar historical context and reveal the discipline's long and close attention to the experience and effects of new technologies, from the early twentieth century to the present day.

With the ever increasing pace of technological change, the fact and condition of change itself has become the subject of architectural discussion, made manifest in organic and dynamic analogies and the use of terms like process, flow, and emergence. Most architects still use the word technology to refer to the different means and methods of building, however in recent years the term has become synonymous with the digital realm and the whole apparatus of computerized information flow. With that change, the tools of design and construction have become a matter of processes, networks and systems. The editors preface each text with a short introduction explaining the significance of the essay in relation to the broader development charted by the book. Cross-references are also made between individual texts in order to highlight important thematic connections across time.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780415346542
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/1/2006
  • Edition description: NEW
  • Pages: 488
  • Product dimensions: 6.80 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

William Braham is associate professor of architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. He has written widely on environmental technologies, combining technical analysis with historical and theoretical accounts. He is the author of Modern Color/Modern Architecture: Amedee Ozenfant and the genealogy of color in modern architecture (2002).

Jonathan Hale is associate professor and director of research in architecture at the School of the Built Environment, University of Nottingham. He is the author of Building Ideas: An Introduction to Architectural Theory (2000).

John Stanislav Sadar is an architect and partner in the multidisciplinary design firm little wonder.

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Table of Contents

Preface     viii
Acknowledgments     ix
Introduction     xii
1901: The Art and Craft of the Machine     1
1914: Manifesto of Futurist Architecture     17
1915: Paleotechnic and Neotechnic     22
1923: Engineer's Aesthetic and Architecture     32
1928: Construction. Industry. Architecture     37
1929: Architecture: The Expression of the Materials and Methods of our Times     42
1929: 4D Time Lock     46
1929: Architecture in the Industrial Age     51
1932: The House as an Organic Structure     55
1934: Technical Syncretism and Toward an Organic Ideology     57
1937: Biotechnics: Functional Design and the Vegetable World     63
1939: On Correalism and Biotechnique: A Definition and Test of a New Approach to Building Design     66
1941: Industrialization as a Fundamental Event     80
1948: The Assembly Line and Scientific Management     83
1950: Technology and Architecture     113
1954/1962: The Doorn Manifesto     115
1954: Survival Through Design     117
1957: Seven Theses     127
1959: The Biological Analogy     129
1960: Functionalism and Technology     138
1960: Organics     148
1964: The Selfconscious Process     151
1964: Housing: New Look and New Outlook     161
1965: A Home is not a House     167
1969: Comprehensive Propensities     176
1969: What is the Systems Approach?     181
1970: Experiment is an Inevitable     188
1972: Microevent/Microenvironment     195
1973: Velocity Population     203
1973: Function Follws Form (Structure Before Performance)     207
1976: The "Industrial Revolution" in the Home: Household Technology and Social Change in the Twentieth Century     213
1977: The Philosophy of Metabolism     229
1979: What Remains of the Analogy? The History and Science of the Artificial     244
1981: Symbolic and Literal Aspects of Technology     265
1982: Organisms and Mechanisms, Metaphors of Architecture     270
1985: The Patterns of Innovation and Change     290
1987: Technology Transfer     294
1988: Mixing Humans and Nonhumans Together: The Sociology of a Door-Closer     308
1988: Some Characteristics of a New Concept of Technology     325
1992: Organic and Mechanical     337
1994: Shearing     350
1995: Speculations on Structures and Services      354
1995: Machinic Heterogenesis     358
1997: Time in Office Design     373
1997: The Third Interval     375
1999: Techniques: Network Spin, and Diagrams     384
1999: A Theory of Ecological Design     388
2000: Digital Semper     396
2002: Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture     407
2002: Surface Architecture     413
2002: A Brief History of the Industrial Revolution     421
2002: E-Bodies, E-Buildings, E-Cities     426
2003: Changing Speeds     437
2004: Space of Flows, Space of Places: Materials for a Theory of Urbanism in the Information Age     440
Bibliography     457
Index     460
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