The return of the native [NOOK Book]

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This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections ...
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The return of the native

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Overview

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A collection of Hardy's poetry and non-fiction prose, containing some 200 of his familiar and less-familiar shorter poems organized by theme, as well as Hardy's own prefaces to volumes of his poems, and his essays on fiction, on the "Dorsetshire laborer," and on an 18th- century execution. Includes explanatory notes, and a brief overview of Hardy's life and work. No index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940022928204
  • Publisher: New York : Modern Library
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Digitized from 1994 volume
  • File size: 803 KB

Meet the Author

Thomas Hardy

Michael Millgate is a highly distinguished Hardyan, whose many scholarly works include Thomas Hardy: His Career as a Novelist (1972); the acclaimed life Thomas Hardy: A Biography (Oxford, 1982); estamentary Acts: Browning, Tennyson, James, Hardy (Oxford, 1992); [with Richard L. Purdy] editor of The
Collected Letters of Thomas Hardy (7 volumes, Oxford 1978-88); editor of Thomas Hardy: Selected Letters (Oxford, 1990) and Letters of Emma and Florence Hardy (Oxford 1996).

Simon Vance is a prolific and popular audiobook narrator and actor with several hundred audiobooks to his credit. An Audie(R) Award-winner, Vance was recently named "The Voice of Choice" by "Booklist" magazine.

Biography

Thomas Hardy was born on June 2, 1840, in the village of Higher Bockhampton, near Dorchester, a market town in the county of Dorset. Hardy would spend much of his life in his native region, transforming its rural landscapes into his fictional Wesses. Hardy's mother, Jemima, inspired him with a taste for literature, while his stonemason father, Thomas, shared with him a love of architecture and music (the two would later play the fiddle at local dances). As a boy Hardy read widely in the popular fiction of the day, including the novels of Scott, Dumas, Dickens, W. Harrison Ainsworth, and G.P.R. James, and in the poetry of Scott, Wordsworth, Byron, Shelley, Keats, and others. Strongly influenced in his youth by the Bible and the liturgy of the Anglican Church, Hardy later contemplated a career in the ministry; but his assimilation of the new theories of Darwinian evolutionism eventually made him an agnostic and a severe critic of the limitations of traditional religion.

Although Hardy was a gifted student at the local schools he attended as a boy for eight years, his lower-class social origins limited his further educational opportunities. At sixteen, he was apprenticed to architect James Hicks in Dorchester and began an architectural career primarily focused on the restoration of churches. In Dorchester Hardy was also befriended by Horace Moule, eight years Hardy's senior, who acted as an intellectual mentor and literary adviser throughout his youth and early adulthood. From 1862 to 1867 hardy worked in London for the distinguished architect Arthur Blomfeld, but he continued to study -- literature, art, philosophy, science, history, the classics -- and to write, first poetry and then fiction.

In the early 1870s Hardy's first two published novels, Desperate Remedies and Under the Greenwood Tree, appeared to little acclaim or sales. With his third novel, A Pair of Blue Eyes, he began the practice of serializing his fiction in magazines prior to book publication, a method that he would utilize throughout his career as a novelist. In 1874, the year of his marriage to Emma Gifford of St. Juliot, Cornwall, Hardy enjoyed his first significant commercial and critical success with the book publication of Far from the Madding Crowd after its serialization in the Cornhill Magazine. Hardy and his wife lived in several locations in London, Dorset, and Somerset before settling in South London for three years in 1878. During the late 1870s and early 1880s, Hardy published The Return of the Native, The Trumpet-Major, A Laodicean, and Two on a Tower while consolidating his pace as a leading contemporary English novelist. He would also eventually produce four volumes of short stories: Wessex Tales, A Group of Noble Dames, Life's Little Ironies, and A Changed Man.

In 1883, Hardy and his wife moved back to Dorchester, where Hardy wrote The Mayor of Casterbridge, set in a fictionalized version of Dorchester, and went on to design and construct a permanent home for himself, named Max Gate, completed in 1885. In the later 1880s and early 1890s Hardy wrote three of his greatest novels, The Woodlanders, Tess of the d'Urbevilles, and Jude the Obscure, all of them notable for their remarkable tragic power. The latter two were initially published as magazine serials in which Hardy removed potentially objectionable moral and religious content, only to restore it when the novels were published in book form; both novels nevertheless aroused public controversy for their criticisms of Victorian sexual and religious mores. In particular, the appearance of Jude the Obscure in 1895 precipitated harsh attacks on Hardy's alleged pessimism and immorality; the attacks contributed to his decision to abandon the writing of fiction after the appearance of his last-published novel, The Well-Beloved.

In the later 1890s Hardy returned to the writing of poetry that he had abandoned for fiction thirty years earlier. Wessex Poems appeared in 1898, followed by several volumes of poetry at regular intervals over the next three decades. Between 1904 and 1908 Hardy published a three-part epic verse drama, The Dynasts, based on the Napoleonic Wars of the early nineteenth century. Following the death of his first wife in 1912, Hardy married his literary secretary Florence Dugdale in 1914. Hardy received a variety of public honors in the last two decades of his life and continued to publish poems until his death at Max Gate on January 11, 1928. His ashes were interred in the Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey in London and his heart in Stinsford outside Dorchester. Regarded as one of England's greatest authors of both fiction and poetry, Hardy has inspired such notable twentieth-century writers as Marcel Proust, John Cowper Powys, D. H. Lawrence, Theodore Dreiser, and John Fowles.

Author biography from the Barnes & Noble Classics edition of Far from the Madding Crowd.

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    1. Date of Birth:
      June 2, 1840
    2. Place of Birth:
      Higher Brockhampon, Dorset, England
    1. Date of Death:
      January 11, 1928
    2. Place of Death:
      Max Gate, Dorchester, England
    1. Education:
      Served as apprentice to architect James Hicks

Read an Excerpt

A SATURDAY afternoon in November was approaching the time of twilight, and the vast tract of unenclosed wild known as Egdon Heath embrowned itself moment by moment. Overhead the hollow stretch of whitish cloud shutting out the sky was as a tent which had the whole heath for its floor.

The heaven being spread with this pallid screen and the earth with the darkest vegetation, their meeting-line at the horizon was clearly marked. In such contrast the heath wore the appearance of an instalment of night which had taken up its place before its astronomical hour was come: darkness had to a great extent arrived hereon, while day stood distinct in the sky. Looking upwards, a furze-cutter would have been inclined to continue work; looking down, he would have decided to finish his faggot and go home. The distant rims of the world and of the firmament seemed to be a division in time no less than a division in matter. The face of the heath by its mere complexion added half an hour to evening; it could in like manner retard the dawn, sadden noon, anticipate the frowning of storms scarcely generated, and intensify the opacity of a moonless midnight to a cause of shaking dread.

In fact, precisely at this transitional point of its nightly roll into darkness the great and particular glory of the Egdon waste began, and nobody could be said to understand the heath who had not been there at such a time. It could best be felt when it could not clearly be seen, its complete effect and explanation lying in this and the succeeding hours before the next dawn: then, and only then, did it tell its true tale. The spot was, indeed, a near relation of night, and when night showed itself anapparent tendency to gravitate together could be perceived in its shades and the scene. The sombre stretch of rounds and hollows seemed to rise and meet the evening gloom in pure sympathy, the heath exhaling darkness as rapidly as the heavens precipitated it. And so the obscurity in the air and the obscurity in the land closed together in a black fraternization towards which each advanced half-way.

The place became full of a watchful intentness now; for when other things sank brooding to sleep the heath appeared slowly to awake and listen. Every night its Titanic form seemed to await something; but it had waited thus, unmoved, during so many centuries, through the crises of so many things, that it could only be imagined to await one last crisis—the final overthrow.
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Table of Contents

Introduction
Chronology
Note on the Text
Hap 1
Neutral Tones 1
The Ivy-Wife 2
A Meeting with Despair 3
Friends Beyond 4
Thoughts of Phena 5
Nature's Questioning 6
The Impercipient 7
In a Eweleaze near Weatherbury 8
The Bride-Night Fire 9
'I look into my glass' 12
A Christmas Ghost-Story 14
Drummer Hodge 14
Shelley's Skylark 15
Lausanne: In Gibbon's Old Garden 16
The Mother Mourns 16
A Commonplace Day 19
Doom and She 20
The Subalterns 22
The Sleep-Worker 23
God-Forgotten 23
To an Unborn Pauper Child 25
To Lizbie Browne 26
A Broken Appointment 28
'Between us now' 28
A Spot 29
An August Midnight 30
Birds at Winter Nightfall 31
The Puzzled Game-Birds 31
Winter in Durnover Field 31
The Darkling Thrush 32
The Levelled Churchyard 33
The Ruined Maid 34
The Self-Unseeing 35
In Tenebris I 35
In Tenebris II 36
In Tenebris III 37
Tess's Lament 38
[actual symbol not reproducible] 40
A Trampwoman's Tragedy 41
A Sunday Morning Tragedy 44
The Curate's Kindness 48
The Farm-Woman's Winter 50
Bereft 51
She Hears the Storm 51
Autumn in King's Hintock Park 52
Reminiscences of a Dancing Man 53
The Dead Man Walking 54
The Division 55
The End of the Episode 56
The Night of the Dance 56
At Casterbridge Fair: I. The Ballad-Singer 57
At Casterbridge Fair: II. Former Beauties 58
At Casterbridge Fair: III. After the Club-Dance 58
At Casterbridge Fair: IV. The Market-Girl 59
At Casterbridge Fair: V. The Inquiry 59
At Casterbridge Fair: VI. A Wife Waits 60
At Casterbridge Fair: VII. After the Fair 60
The Fiddler 61
A Church Romance 62
The Roman Road 62
The Reminder 63
Night in the Old Home 63
The Pine Planters 64
One We Knew 66
A Wet Night 67
New Year's Eve 68
God's Education 69
The Man He Killed 69
Yell'ham-Wood's Story 70
Channel Firing 71
The Convergence of the Twain 72
'When I set out for Lyonnesse' 72
A Thunderstorm in Town 74
Wessex Heights 74
'Ah, are you digging on my grave?' 76
Before and After Summer 77
At Day-Close in November 78
The Year's Awakening 78
The Going 79
Your Last Drive 80
The Walk 81
Rain on a Grave 82
'I found her out there' 83
Without Ceremony 84
Lament 85
The Haunter 86
The Voice 87
His Visitor 88
A Circular 88
A Dream or No 89
After a Journey 90
A Death-Day Recalled 91
Beeny Cliff 91
At Castle Boterel 92
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Reading Group Guide

1. What does Egdon Heath symbolize to you? How does each character relate to the heath? To what extent does the landscape control the actions of the characters or influence them? How do the characters resist or succumb to the landscape? What is the role of urban life in the novel?

2. Discuss Clym's spiritual odyssey. How does it shed light on Hardy's concerns in the novel? Would you describe Clym as idealistic? How does his attitude compare to that of the people of Egdon Heath or that of Eustacia?

3. Why does Eustacia hate Egdon Heath? Is she too headstrong? How much control does Eustacia have over events that shape her life? Over the lives of others? Do you think Eustacia symbolizes human limitation or potential? Do you think her death is a reconciliation of sorts, or not?

4. Discuss the role of fate or chance in the novel. Is Hardy sympathetic to the victims of chance in this novel? To what extent are events caused by the force of a character's personality (e. g., Eustacia), rather than by chance? To what extent do actions produce results opposite from that desired? Do you think there is a connection between this use of irony and the role of fate in the novel?

5. Discuss the novel's opening scene, in which Hardy describes Egdon Heath. How does this establish the emotional tone of the book? How does it foreshadow the action within the novel?

6. Why is Eustacia interested in Clym? How does this set the wheels of the plot in motion? How does this affect the other characters, like Thomasin and particularly Clym's mother? What is Wildeve's role in Mrs. Yeobright's fate?

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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 3.5
( 16 )
Rating Distribution

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Sort by: Showing 1 – 17 of 16 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 19, 2014

    Get a pink ipad

    Kiss your hand three times post this on three other books and look under your pillow

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 10, 2012

    I see whatcha did there

    Mmmhhhhmmmm i saw it. O_____o

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 29, 2012

    I know what happened here...

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 29, 2012

    To april

    Whateves i witnessed it jerk! I watched as they kissed and alex sat on dylans stomach and whatever they did next. So there "ape"ril!

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 6, 2012

    Dylan to alex

    Hey you there

    0 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 1, 2012

    Alex

    Yup

    0 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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