Reverse Mortgages and Linked Securities: The Complete Guide to Risk, Pricing, and Regulation

Overview

Many seniors have lost their nest eggs during the most recent economic crisis and are looking to supplement their retirement savings by extracting equity from their homes by way of reverse mortgages. With contributions from many of the leading minds in the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) industry, Reverse Mortgages and Linked Securities offers specific strategies that will help institutional investors to benefit from the resurgence of reverse mortgages and linked securities. It discusses the securitization...

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Overview

Many seniors have lost their nest eggs during the most recent economic crisis and are looking to supplement their retirement savings by extracting equity from their homes by way of reverse mortgages. With contributions from many of the leading minds in the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) industry, Reverse Mortgages and Linked Securities offers specific strategies that will help institutional investors to benefit from the resurgence of reverse mortgages and linked securities. It discusses the securitization of reverse mortgages and other linked securities and includes coverage of pricing techniques and risk mitigation. This reliable resource also takes the time to cover the current regulatory environment of the HECM market, which is constantly changing due to the current state of the real estate market.

Over the next five to ten years, the reverse mortgage will play an increasingly important role in the market for structured financial products, and a strong understanding of it on the part of financial services firms will be vital to compete in the modern marketplace. Reverse Mortgages and Linked Securities provides institutional investors with a solid foundation for understanding the mechanics of the reverse mortgage transaction.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470584620
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/7/2010
  • Series: Wiley Finance Series, #577
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 188
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Vishaal B. Bhuyan has been involved in the "life markets" for over five years and has focused on analyzing and investing in life settlements, reverse mortgages, and other linked assets. He has advised a number of large investment funds on the longevity and mortality risk asset class and has been invited to speak at various investment and industry-specific conferences across the United States, Europe, and Asia. Bhuyan is also the editor and coauthor of Life Markets: Trading Mortality and Longevity Risk with Life Settlements and Linked Securities (Wiley) and will be releasing The Esoteric Investor (FT Press) in 2011.

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Table of Contents

Preface xi

Acknowledgments xvii

List of Contributors xix

Part 1 Reverse Mortgage Basics 1

Chapter 1 Reverse Mortgage Primer 3

Loan Disbursements 4

Overview of Lender Challenges 6

Summary 6

Chapter 2 The History of Reverse Mortgages: An Insider's View 8

Formative Years 8

Private Programs 9

First Lifetime Reverse Mortgages 10

Fannie Mae Stakes a Claim to the Marketplace 12

Roots of the Securitization of Reverse Mortgages 13

Summary 15

Notes 16

Chapter 3 HECM Explained: Reverse Mortgages Originated via the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) Program 17

Legislative History and Program Fundamentals 18

Disbursing Funds and Calculating Loans and Interest 19

Changes to the Program Following the 2008 Act 21

Consumer-Focused Elements of the Program 24

Summary 26

Notes 28

Part 2 Underwriting and Risk Analysis 33

Chapter 4 Underwriting Reverse Mortgages 35

Underwriting Life Expectancy 36

Life Settlement versus Reverse Mortgage Underwriting 37

Simplicity of the Current Reverse Mortgage Underwriting Process 37

Why Does Underwriting Matter? 38

Proposed Elements of Reverse Mortgage Underwriting 38

Summary 42

Chapter 5 Risk Mitigation from Existing and Proposed Financial Products 43

Reverse Mortgage Risks 46

Agency versus Nonconforming Loans 48

Summary 53

Notes 54

Chapter 6 Longevity Risk and Fair Value Accounting 55

Longevity Cost Calculator? as a Loan Underwriting and Pricing Tool 61

Reverse Mortgage Loan Pricing Using the Longevity Cost Calculator 74

Existing Accounting Framework 75

Suggested GAAP-Compliant Methodology to Standardize Life Settlement Underwriting 77

Summary 78

Notes 79

Chapter 7 Risk Mitigation: Available Hedges and Products in Development for Risk Transfer 81

Hedging Crossover Components in the Capital Markets 82

Insurance Solutions 86

Summary 90

Note 90

Chapter 8 Criteria for Rating U.K. Reverse Mortgage-Backed Securities 91

Overview of Reverse (Equity Release) Mortgages 91

Reverse Mortgage-Backed Securitization 92

Mortality Assumptions 93

Prepayment Assumptions 94

House Price Increase Assumptions 95

Costs and Sale Period 97

Summary 97

Part 3 Tax Treatment 99

Chapter 9 U.S. Federal Income Tax Aspects of Reverse Mortgages 101

What Is a Reverse Mortgage? 102

Deductibility of Interest Payments on Reverse Mortgages 102

Securitization of Reverse Mortgage Loans via REMIC Structures 103

Practical Observations Regarding Investment Reverse Mortgage REMIC Securities 105

Summary 106

Notes 107

Part 4 Reverse Mortgages in Context 109

Chapter 10 Unlocking Housing Equity in Japan 111

Implementation in the Japanese Context 112

Feasibility of Reverse Mortgages in Japan 117

Summary 121

Notes 124

Chapter 11 The Secondary Market in Home Equity Conversion Mortgages 127

The Reverse Mortgage to Liquidate Home Equity 127

HECM: A Financial Innovation 130

Cash Flows, Risk, and Uncertainty 131

The Secondary Market for HECM 132

HECM Securitization 134

Longevity Risk Embedded in HECM 137

The Constraints of the Underlying Asset 140

Concluding Remarks 145

Summary 146

Appendix A Housing Wealth Among the Elderly 149

Wealth in Housing 149

Owner-Occupancy Rates 152

How Risky Is Housing Wealth? 153

Do the Elderly Decumulate Their Housing Wealth? 155

Notes 159

Appendix B Reverse Mortgage Analytics 161

Determining the Payout Values: Practical Considerations 162

Computing Payout Values: An Example 163

Notes 165

Glossary 167

About the Author 171

About the Contributors 173

Index 181

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