Reverse Osmosis: Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers / Edition 1by Jane Kucera
Pub. Date: 03/22/2010
Reverse osmosis is rapidly growing as a water treatment technology in applications such as recovering wastewater for reuse. But, even as the technology becomes more widespread, understanding of it lags behind. Reverse Osmosis: Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers provides comprehensive coverage of the technology, covering the processes and… See more details below
Reverse osmosis is rapidly growing as a water treatment technology in applications such as recovering wastewater for reuse. But, even as the technology becomes more widespread, understanding of it lags behind. Reverse Osmosis: Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers provides comprehensive coverage of the technology, covering the processes and equipment necessary to design, operate, and troubleshoot reverse osmosis systems. Written in clear, concise language, Reverse Osmosis: Design, Processes, and Applications for Engineers provides equipment manufacturers, and chemical and process engineers with the immediate ability to implement this emergent "green" technology.
Table of Contents
PART I: FUNDAMENTALS.
1. Introduction and History of Development.
1.1. Uses of Reverse Osmosis.
1.2. History of Reverse Osmosis Development.
2. Reverse Osmosis Principles.
2.2. Reverse Osmosis.
2.3. Dead-End Filtration.
2.4. Cross-Flow Filtration.
3. Basic Terms and Definitions.
3.1. RO System Flow Rating.
3.5. Concentration Polarization.
3.9. Silt Density Index (SDI).
3.10. Langelier Saturation Index (LSI).
4.1. Transport Models.
4.4. Commercially-Available Membranes.
5. Basic Flow Patterns.
5.3. Double Pass.
5.4. Multiple Trains.
6. Reverse Osmosis Skidwith contributions by Mark Sadus.
6.1. Cartridge Filters.
6.2. Feed Pumps.
6.3. ManifoldingMaterials of Construction.
6.6. Data Acquisition and Management.
6.7. Auxiliary Equipment.
PART II: PRETREATMENT.
7. Water Quality Guidelines.
8. Techniques and Technologies.
8.1. Mechanical Pretreatment.
8.2. Chemical Pretreatment.
8.3. Combination Mechanical Plus Chemical Treatments.
8.4. Sequencing of Pretreatment Technologies.
PART III: SYSTEM DESIGN.
9. Design Considerations.
9.1. Feed Water Quality.
9.4. Feed Water Flow.
9.5. Concentrate Flow.
10. RO Design and Design Software.
10.1. ROSADow Water and Process Solutions.
10.2. TorayDSToray Membrane USA.
10.3. IMS DesignHydranautics.
PART IV: OPERATIONS.
11. On-Line Operations.
11.1. Performance Monitoring.
11.2. Data Collection.
11.3. Data Analysis and Normalization.
11.4. Preventative Maintenance.
12. Performance Degradation.
12.1. Normalized Permeate Flow.
12.2. Normalized Salt Rejection.
12.3. Normalized Differential Pressure.
13. Off-Line Operations.
13.1. System Flush.
PART V: TROUBLESHOOTING.
14.1. Mechanical Evaluation.
14.2. General Performance Issues.
14.3. Performance Projections.
14.4. Data Assessment.
14.5. Water Sampling.
14.6. Membrane Integrity Testing.
14.7. Profiling and Probing.
14.8. Membrane Autopsy.
PART VI: SYSTEM ENGINEERING.
15. Issues Concerning System Engineering.
15.1. Water Softening.
15.2. Sizing and Capacity.
15.3. Membrane Cleaning: On-Site versus Off-Site.
15.4. Reject Disposal Options.
16. Impact of Other Membrane Technologies.
16.1. Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration.
16.3. Continuous Electrodeionization.
PART VII FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS.
17. Frequently Asked Questions.
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