Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust / Edition 2

Revolution and Genocide: On the Origins of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust / Edition 2

by Robert Melson
     
 

Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and Jews in Imperial Germany had survived as ethnic and religious minorities until they suffered mass destruction when the two old regimes were engulfed by revolution and war. Was there a connection between revolution and genocide in those two instances, and is there a relationship between revolution and genocide in general? In this… See more details below

Overview

Armenians in the Ottoman Empire and Jews in Imperial Germany had survived as ethnic and religious minorities until they suffered mass destruction when the two old regimes were engulfed by revolution and war. Was there a connection between revolution and genocide in those two instances, and is there a relationship between revolution and genocide in general? In this detailed comparative history, Robert Melson elaborates a distinctive conceptual framework that links genocide to revolution and war. He suggests that some instances of genocide are products of a complex process started by the collapse of old regimes and carried forward by revolutionaries who wish to reconstruct society according to new ideological visions. The Young Turks and the Nazis, able to come to power after the fall of the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Germany, were motivated by Pan-Turkism, on the one hand, and racialist antisemitism, on the other. Desiring to create a Turkish empire free of Armenians and a Third Reich empty of Jews, the two revolutionary movements proceeded to commit genocide on a wide scale. Melson discusses the destruction of the Kulaks in the Soviet Union and the "autogenocide" in Cambodia as comparable situations where total domestic genocide followed on the heels of the Russian and Cambodian revolutions. Moreover, he warns that sweeping changes such as those occurring in the former Soviet Union and in Eastern Europe can also be precursors to massive violence, including genocide.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226519913
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
06/28/1996
Series:
Chicago Lectures in Physics Ser.
Edition description:
1
Pages:
386
Sales rank:
673,584
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
1Introduction: Overview and Major Themes1
Pt. IArmenians and Jews under the Old Regimes in the Ottoman Empire and Imperial Germany41
2Armenians in the Ottoman Empire: The Massacres of 1894-189643
3Jews in Imperial Germany: Antisemitism and the Upwardly Mobile Pariahs70
4The Failure of the Antisemitic Parties in Imperial Germany101
Pt. IIArmenians and Jews under Revolutionary Regimes in the Ottoman Empire and Germany137
5The Turkish Revolution and the Armenian Genocide141
6The German Revolution and the Rise of the Nazi Party171
7The Revolution and the War against the Jews204
Pt. IIIConclusion245
8Similarities and Differences between the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust247
9Revolution and Genocide258
Notes287
Bibliography335
Index351

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