Revolutionary Movements in Latin America: El Salvador's FMLN and Peru's Shining Path / Edition 1

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Why were El Salvador's FMLN and Peru's Shining Path able to mount such serious revolutionary challenges in the 1980s and early 1990s? And why were they able to do so despite the fact that their countries' elected governments were widely considered democratic? These two guerrilla groups were very different, but both came close to success. To explain why, the author examines the complex interplay among political and economic factors, the nature of the revolutionary organization, and international actors. McClintock emphasizes that the end of the Cold War does not mean the end of revolutionary groups, and that the United States can play an important role in determining the outcome of future confrontations. The book concludes with practical policy options for the U.S. government as it looks to foster peace and democracy in the western hemisphere.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
A spectacularly strong piece on a vitally important issue. Since these issues are so often treated in politically tendentious ways, it is a rare treat to find someone doing it so well. Someone once said that, when Aretha Franklin did a song, it stayed done. Likewise, now, with Professor McClintock's work.
Timothy Wickham-Crowley
A spectacularly strong piece on a vitally important issue. Since these issues are so often treated in politically tendentious ways, it is a rare treat to find someone doing it so well. Someone once said that, when Aretha Franklin did a song, it stayed done. Likewise, now, with Professor McClintock's work.
Examines revolutionary movements in El Salvador (FMLN) and Peru (Shining Path), exploring their differences and their economic and political contexts. Provides an introduction to the concept of revolution as well as an historical oerview of revolutionary movements and of US involvement in Latin America before the end of the Cold war. Looks at the role the US can play in determining the outcome of future confrontations, and presents policy options. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781878379764
  • Publisher: United States Institute of Peace Press (USIP Press)
  • Publication date: 6/28/1998
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 416

Meet the Author

Cynthia McClintock is professor of political science and director of Latin American studies at George Washington University. A former president of the Latin American Studies Association, she was a fellow at the U.S. Institute of Peace in 1990-91.
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Table of Contents

List of Figures and Tables
Map: El Salvador 3
Map: Peru 4
Introduction 5
1 Analytical Framework 21
2 Two Revolutionary Organizations: The FMLN and the Shining Path 45
3 Political Trends: Military Repression? Electoral Fraud? Or Democracy? 93
4 Economic Trends: Intensified Poverty? Dashed Middle-Class Expectations? 157
5 U.S. Policy and Latin American Revolutions 201
6 Why Did the Revolutionary Movements Emerge and Expand? 249
7 Conclusion: U.S. Policy and Paths toward Political Peace in Latin America 299
App. I Survey Research in Peru, El Salvador, and Ecuador 313
App. II Data on Political Violence in Peru and El Salvador 321
Notes 325
Bibliography 423
Index 463
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