RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications / Edition 2

RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications / Edition 2

by Ulrich L. Rohde, Matthias Rudolph
     
 

Provides researchers and engineers with a complete set of modeling, design, and implementation tools for tackling the newest IC technologies

Revised and completely updated, RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications, Second Edition is a unique, state-of-the-art guide to wireless integrated circuit design that provides researchers and

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Overview

Provides researchers and engineers with a complete set of modeling, design, and implementation tools for tackling the newest IC technologies

Revised and completely updated, RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications, Second Edition is a unique, state-of-the-art guide to wireless integrated circuit design that provides researchers and engineers with a complete set of modeling, design, and implementation tools for tackling even the newest IC technologies. It emphasizes practical design solutions for high-performance devices and circuitry, incorporating ample examples of novel and clever circuits from high-profile companies.

Complete with excellent appendices containing working models and CAD-based applications, this powerful one-stop resource:

  • Covers the entire area of circuit design for wireless applications
  • Discusses the complete system for which circuits are designed as well as the device technologies on which the devices and circuits are based
  • Presents theory as well as practical issues
  • Introduces wireless systems and modulation types
  • Takes a systematic approach that differentiates between designing for battery-operated devices and base-station design

RF/Microwave Circuit Design for Wireless Applications, Second Edition is an indispensable tool for circuit designers; engineers who design wireless communications systems; and researchers in semiconductor technologies, telecommunications, and wireless transmission systems.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780470901816
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
12/26/2012
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
920
Product dimensions:
7.20(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.80(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordxiii
Prefacexv
1Introduction to Wireless Circuit Design1
1-1Overview1
1-2System Functions3
1-3The Radio Channel and Modulation Requirements5
1-3-1Introduction5
1-3-2Channel Impulse Response7
1-3-3Doppler Effect13
1-3-4Transfer Function14
1-3-5Time Response of Channel Impulse Response and Transfer Function14
1-3-6Lessons Learned17
1-3-7Wireless Signal Example: The TDMA System in GSM18
1-4About Bits, Symbols, and Waveforms29
1-4-1Introduction29
1-4-2Some Fundamentals of Digital Modulation Techniques38
1-5Analysis of Wireless Systems47
1-5-1Analog and Digital Receiver Designs47
1-5-2Transmitters58
1-6Building Blocks81
1-7System Specifications and Their Relationship to Circuit Design83
1-7-1System Noise and Noise Floor83
1-7-2System Amplitude and Phase Behavior88
1-8Testing114
1-8-1Introduction114
1-8-2Transmission and Reception Quality114
1-8-3Base-Station Simulation118
1-8-4GSM118
1-8-5DECT118
1-9Converting C/N or SNR to E[subscript b]/N[subscript 0]120
2Models for Active Devices123
2-1Diodes124
2-1-1Large-Signal Diode Model124
2-1-2Mixer and Detector Diodes128
2-1-3PIN Diodes135
2-1-4Tuning Diodes153
2-2Bipolar Transistors198
2-2-1Transistor Structure Types198
2-2-2Large-Signal Behavior of Bipolar Transistors199
2-2-3Large-Signal Transistors in the Forward-Active Region209
2-2-4Effects of Collector Voltage on Large-Signal Characteristics in the Forward-Active Region225
2-2-5Saturation and Inverse Active Regions227
2-2-6Small-Signal Models of Bipolar Transistors232
2-3Field-Effect Transistors237
2-3-1Large-Signal Behavior of JFETs246
2-3-2Small-Signal Behavior of JFETs249
2-3-3Large-Signal Behavior of MOSFETs254
2-3-4Small-Signal Model of the MOS Transistor in Saturation262
2-3-5Short-Channel Effects in FETs266
2-3-6Small-Signal Models of MOSFETs271
2-3-7GaAs MESFETs301
2-3-8Small-Signal GaAs MESFET Model310
2-4Parameter Extraction of Active Devices322
2-4-1Introduction322
2-4-2Typical SPICE Parameters322
2-4-3Noise Modeling323
2-4-4Scalable Device Models333
2-4-5Conclusions348
2-4-6Device Libraries359
2-4-7A Novel Approach for Simulation at Low Voltage and Near Pinchoff Voltage359
2-4-8Example: Improving the BFR193W Model370
3Amplifier Design with BJTs and FETs375
3-1Properties of Amplifiers375
3-1-1Introduction375
3-1-2Gain380
3-1-3Noise Figure (NF)385
3-1-4Linearity415
3-1-5AGC431
3-1-6Bias and Power Voltage and Current (Power Consumption)436
3-2Amplifier Gain, Stability, and Matching441
3-2-1Scattering Parameter Relationships442
3-2-2Low-Noise Amplifiers448
3-2-3High-Gain Amplifiers466
3-2-4Low-Voltage Open-Collector Design477
3-3Single-Stage FeedBack Amplifiers490
3-3-1Lossless or Noiseless Feedback495
3-3-2Broadband Matching496
3-4Two-Stage Amplifiers497
3-5Amplifiers with Three or More Stages507
3-5-1Stability of Multistage Amplifiers512
3-6A Novel Approach to Voltage-Controlled Tuned Filters Including CAD Validation513
3-6-1Diode Performance513
3-6-2A VHF Example516
3-6-3An HF/VHF Voltage-Controlled Filter518
3-6-4Improving the VHF Filter521
3-6-5Conclusion521
3-7Differential Amplifiers522
3-8Frequency Doublers526
3-9Multistage Amplifiers with Automatic Gain Control (AGC)532
3-10Biasing534
3-10-1RF Biasing543
3-10-2dc Biasing543
3-10-3dc Biasing of IC-Type Amplifiers547
3-11Push-Pull/Parallel Amplifiers547
3-12Power Amplifiers550
3-12-1Example 1: 7-W Class C BJT Amplifier for 1.6 GHz550
3-12-2Impedance Matching Networks Applied to RF Power Transistors565
3-12-3Example 2: Low-Noise Amplifier Using Distributed Elements585
3-12-4Example 3: 1-W Amplifier Using the CLY15589
3-12-5Example 4: 90-W Push-Pull BJT Amplifier at 430 MHz598
3-12-6Quasiparallel Transistors for Improved Linearity600
3-12-7Distribution Amplifiers602
3-12-8Stability Analysis of a Power Amplifier602
3-13Power Amplifier Datasheets and Manufacturer-Recommended Applications611
4Mixer Design636
4-1Introduction636
4-2Properties of Mixers639
4-2-1Conversion Gain/Loss639
4-2-2Noise Figure641
4-2-3Linearity645
4-2-4LO Drive Level647
4-2-5Interport Isolation647
4-2-6Port VSWR647
4-2-7dc Offset647
4-2-8dc Polarity649
4-2-9Power Consumption649
4-3Diode Mixers649
4-3-1Single-Diode Mixer650
4-3-2Single-Balanced Mixer652
4-3-3Diode-Ring Mixer659
4-4Transistor Mixers678
4-4-1BJT Gilbert Cell679
4-4-2BJT Gilbert Cell with Feedback682
4-4-3FET Mixers684
4-4-4MOSFET Gilbert Cell693
4-4-5GaAsFET Single-Gate Switch694
5RF/Wireless Oscillators716
5-1Introduction to Frequency Control716
5-2Background716
5-3Oscillator Design719
5-3-1Basics of Oscillators719
5-4Oscillator Circuits735
5-4-1Hartley735
5-4-2Colpitts735
5-4-3Clapp-Gouriet736
5-5Design of RF Oscillators736
5-5-1General Thoughts on Transistor Oscillators736
5-5-2Two-Port Microwave/RF Oscillator Design741
5-5-3Ceramic-Resonator Oscillators745
5-5-4Using a Microstrip Inductor as the Oscillator Resonator748
5-5-5Hartley Microstrip Resonator Oscillator756
5-5-6Crystal Oscillators756
5-5-7Voltage-Controlled Oscillators758
5-5-8Diode-Tuned Resonant Circuits765
5-5-9Practical Circuits771
5-6Noise in Oscillators778
5-6-1Linear Approach to the Calculation of Oscillator Phase Noise778
5-6-2AM-to-PM Conversion788
5-6-3Nonlinear Approach to the Calculation of Oscillator Phase Noise798
5-7Oscillators in Practice813
5-7-1Oscillator Specifications813
5-7-2More Practical Circuits814
5-8Design of RF Oscillators Using CAD825
5-8-1Harmonic-Balance Simulation825
5-8-2Time-Domain Simulation831
5-9Phase-Noise Improvements of Integrated RF and Millimeter-Wave Oscillators831
5-9-1Introduction831
5-9-2Review of Noise Analysis831
5-9-3Workarounds833
5-9-4Reduction of Flicker Noise834
5-9-5Applications to Integrated Oscillators835
5-9-6Summary842
6Wireless Synthesizers848
6-1Introduction848
6-2Phase-Locked Loops848
6-2-1PLL Basics848
6-2-2Phase/Frequency Comparators851
6-2-3Filters for Phase Detectors Providing Voltage Output863
6-2-4Charge-Pump-Based Phase-Locked Loops867
6-2-5How to Do a Practical PLL Design Using CAD876
6-3Fractional-N-Division PLL Synthesis880
6-3-1The Fractional-N Principle880
6-3-2Spur-Suppression Techniques882
6-4Direct Digital Synthesis889
Appendixes
AHBT High-Frequency Modeling and Integrated Parameter Extraction900
A-1Introduction900
A-2High-Frequency HBT Modeling901
A-2-1dc and Small-Signal Model902
A-2-2Linearized T Model904
A-2-3Linearized Hybrid-[pi] Model906
A-3Integrated Parameter Extraction907
A-3-1Formulation of Integrated Parameter Extraction908
A-3-2Model Optimization908
A-4Noise Model Validation909
A-5Parameter Extraction of an HBT Model913
A-6Conclusions921
BNonlinear Microwave Circuit Design Using Multiharmonic Load-Pull Simulation Technique923
B-1Introduction923
B-2Multiharmonic Load-Pull Simulation Using Harmonic Balance924
B-2-1Formulation of Multiharmonic Load-Pull Simulation924
B-2-2Systematic Design Procedure925
B-3Application of Multiharmonic Load-Pull Simulation927
B-3-1Narrowband Power Amplifier Design927
B-3-2Frequency Doubler Design933
B-4Conclusions937
B-5Note on the Practicality of Load-Pull-Based Design937
Index939

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