Explains how and why the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments to the Constitution protect the rights of those accused of a crime.
VOYAIt is a difficult task to protect the rights of both the accused and the victim. Today many feel that court ratings favor the accused. The Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments of the Bill of Rights address self-incrimination, improper searches, double jeopardy, due process, speedy trials, and the right to counsel. The history and application of each is given in detail in Ramen's The Rights of the Accused. Text is framed by blue-inked sections of the Constitution in an attractive design. Wormser's book Defending the Accused presents six cases from the point of view of the lawyers, and readers realize the bias toward the accused from the beginning. Some defendants are well known, such as O. J. Simpson and Ricky Ray Rector, whose execution was considered an attempt to curry political favor by former president Bill Clinton. A chapter on family court speaks of the problems when children have to testify. A balanced tone is found in Campbell's book Rights of the Accused. It is neither too chatty nor too studious as it reveals the background behind rights now taken for granted including the Miranda Warning. Many examples show defendants being released or convicted by a technicality. Unfortunately, the placement of the text close to the binding does not make it easy to read and leaves a lot of wasted space. Strange dots (bullet holes?) illustrate the first page of each chapter, and there is no glossary. Ramen's The Rights of the Accused is the most scholarly in tone, but each title might be useful for reports. Index. Photos. Biblio. VOYA CODES:4Q 3P J S (Better than most, marred only by occasional lapses;Will appeal with pushing;Junior High, defined as grades 7 to 9;Senior High, defined asgrades 10 to 12). 2001, Chelsea House, 95p. PLB $19.95. Ages 12 to 18. Reviewer:Pam CarlsonVOYA, December 2001 (Vol. 24, No. 5)
School Library JournalGr 8 Up-Campbell utilizes examples of real cases to illustrate tenets of the U.S. Constitution. Black-and-white photos appear throughout. It is unfortunate that in the fourth-amendment discussion the author does not mention one's computer hard drives and files, which are becoming as important targets for searches and seizures as an individual's body, home, and car. Claudine G. Wirths and Mary Bowman-Kruhm's Coping with Confrontations and Encounters with the Police (Rosen, 1997) explains a young person's rights in situations they are likely to encounter. The history and significant points connected to the Bill of Rights are more engagingly presented in Kathleen Krull's A Kid's Guide to America's Bill of Rights (Avon, 1999). Chippendale highlights historical agreements and laws that have sought to restrain barbarism while waging war. The bulk of the discussion focuses on 20th-century efforts to promote international cooperation and peace through alliances like the United Nations. The author admits that, while efforts to prevent genocide and various crimes against humanity have yielded meager results, international tribunals have succeeded in punishing some war criminals such as those connected to the Holocaust and Japanese atrocities during World War II. Genocide in Bosnia, Rwanda, Cambodia, and Turkey is discussed, but government persecution of segments of the citizenry in Argentina and South Africa is not mentioned. Since this was written before the fall of Slobodan Milosevic, the author's hope that he will be removed from office is dated. Black-and-white photographs of heaped bodies and skulls and human limbs in a concentration-camp oven tell a vivid story while the text offers some consolation in current efforts to bring perpetrators to justice.-Ann G. Brouse, Steele Memorial Library, Elmira, NY Copyright 2001 Cahners Business Information.
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