Rigid Local Systems. (AM-139)

Rigid Local Systems. (AM-139)

by Nicholas M. Katz
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691011184

ISBN-13: 9780691011189

Pub. Date: 12/11/1995

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Riemann introduced the concept of a "local system" on P1-{a finite set of points} nearly 140 years ago. His idea was to study nth order linear differential equations by studying the rank n local systems (of local holomorphic solutions) to which they gave rise. His first application was to study the classical Gauss hypergeometric function,

Overview

Riemann introduced the concept of a "local system" on P1-{a finite set of points} nearly 140 years ago. His idea was to study nth order linear differential equations by studying the rank n local systems (of local holomorphic solutions) to which they gave rise. His first application was to study the classical Gauss hypergeometric function, which he did by studying rank-two local systems on P1- {0,1,infinity}. His investigation was successful, largely because any such (irreducible) local system is rigid in the sense that it is globally determined as soon as one knows separately each of its local monodromies. It became clear that luck played a role in Riemann's success: most local systems are not rigid. Yet many classical functions are solutions of differential equations whose local systems are rigid, including both of the standard nth order generalizations of the hypergeometric function, n F n-1's, and the Pochhammer hypergeometric functions.

This book is devoted to constructing all (irreducible) rigid local systems on P1-{a finite set of points} and recognizing which collections of independently given local monodromies arise as the local monodromies of irreducible rigid local systems.

Although the problems addressed here go back to Riemann, and seem to be problems in complex analysis, their solutions depend essentially on a great deal of very recent arithmetic algebraic geometry, including Grothendieck's etale cohomology theory, Deligne's proof of his far-reaching generalization of the original Weil Conjectures, the theory of perverse sheaves, and Laumon's work on the l-adic Fourier Transform.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691011189
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
12/11/1995
Series:
Annals of Mathematics Studies Series, #13
Pages:
219
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.22(h) x 0.63(d)

Table of Contents

  • First results on rigid local systems
  • The theory of middle concolution
  • Fourier Transform and rigidity
  • Middle concolution: dependence on parameters
  • Structure of rigid local systems
  • Existence algorithms for rigids
  • Diophantine aspects of rigidity
  • rigids

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