The Rise and Fall of Culture History / Edition 1

The Rise and Fall of Culture History / Edition 1

by R. Lee Lyman, Michael J. O'Brien, Robert C. Dunnell
     
 

The Rise and Fall of Culture History presents an insightful critical analysis of the culture history approach as developed and practiced by North American-trained archaeologists during the first six decades of the twentieth century. How and why critical concepts were incorporated are discussed in detail, as are the paradigm's strengths and weaknesses. The framework… See more details below

Overview

The Rise and Fall of Culture History presents an insightful critical analysis of the culture history approach as developed and practiced by North American-trained archaeologists during the first six decades of the twentieth century. How and why critical concepts were incorporated are discussed in detail, as are the paradigm's strengths and weaknesses. The framework for this analysis is founded on the contrast between two metaphysics used by evolutionary biologists in discussing their own discipline: materialistic/populational thinking and essentialistic/typological thinking. Employing this framework, the authors show not only why the culture history paradigm lost favor in the 1960s, but also which of its aspects need to be retained if archaeology is ever to produce a viable theory of culture change.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780306455384
Publisher:
Springer US
Publication date:
06/30/1997
Edition description:
1997
Pages:
286
Product dimensions:
0.65(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

1Introduction1
Science and Kinds of Science3
2Before Culture History13
Classification and the Formal Dimension15
Space17
Time20
3The Birth of Culture History33
Franz Boas and Manuel Gamio34
Nels C. Nelson37
Alfred V. Kidder46
Alfred L. Kroeber55
Leslie Spier59
The Aftermath63
4After the Revolution73
Measuring Time with Strata74
Strata as Units of Time and Units of Association77
The Formal Dimension - Early Thoughts86
Classification of Artifacts - The Search for Historical Types92
The Formal Dimension - Post Hoc Synopses104
The Type-Variety System110
Some Final Efforts to Control the Formal Dimension114
5Artifact Classification and Seriation121
James A. Ford122
Seriation Matrices133
The Lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley Survey137
Beyond Seriation - The Debate Begins144
The Empiricist Challenge to Artifact Classification - The Debate Continues149
6Classification of Artifact Aggregates159
The Midwestern Taxonomic Method160
In the Southwest166
Phases, Components, and Stratigraphy171
Formalization of the Classification of Aggregates177
Horizons, Horizon Styles, and Traditions185
The 1955 Seminars194
Area Co-traditions and Whole-Culture Traditions203
7Culture History, Cultural Anthropology, and Cultural Evolution207
Cultural Anthropology209
Cultural Evolution Did Not Die in 1896219
The Fall from Favor224
8An Ending Note227
References233
Index265

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