The Rise of Conservation in South Africa: Settlers, Livestock, and the Environment 1770-1950

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This is a major and innovative contribution to the environmental history of settler societies and of South Africa. The Cape, like Australia, became a major exporter of wool. Vast numbers of sheep flooded its semi-arid plains and rapidly transformed its fragile natural pastures. This book analyses the development of conservationalist ideas over the long term in South Africa as a response to these problems.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199261512
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/1/2003
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 9.30 (w) x 6.30 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

William Beinart is Rhodes Professor of Race Relations, University of Oxford

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
List of Maps
List of Figures
List of Tables
Preface and Acknowledgements
Note on Measurements
Introduction: Livestock Farming and Environmental Regulation at the Cape 1
1 Scientific Travellers, Colonists, and Africans: Chains of Knowledge and the Cape Vernacular, 1770-1850 28
2 Defining the Problems: Colonial Science and the Origins of Conservation at the Cape, 1770-1860 64
3 Fire, Vegetation Change, and Pastures, 1860-1880 99
4 Vets, Viruses, and Environmentalism in the 1870s and 1880s 128
5 Water, Irrigation, and the State, 1880-1930 158
6 The Night of the Jackal: Sheep, Pastures, and Predators, 1890-1930 195
7 Drought, Conservation, and Nationalism: The Career of H. S. du Toit, 1890-1930 235
8 Prickly Pear in the Cape: Useful Plants and Invaders in the Livestock Economy, 1890-1950 266
9 'The Farmer as a Conservationist': Sidney Rubidge at Wellwood, Graaff-Reinet, 1913-1952 304
10 Debating Conservation in the African Areas of the Cape, 1920-1950 332
11 Postscript: Debating Degradation over the Long Term: Animals, Veld, and Conservation 367
Bibliographical Note 391
Select Bibliography of Secondary Sources 395
Index 403
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