Rise of Conservatism in America, 1945-2000: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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Overview

The last half of the twentieth century saw the advent of a new conservative movement in the United States, a coalition that shared a common determination to redefine the American government, culture, and economy. In this volume Ronald Story and Bruce Laurie present a rich variety of primary sources, including speeches, cartoons, party platforms, and editorials, that speak to the remarkable impact of the conservative movement, from its solvent think tanks to its grassroots support. Outspoken intellectuals such as William F. Buckley and George Gilder, charismatic political figures such as George Wallace, Barry Goldwater, and Ronald Reagan, and powerful organizations like the Southern Baptist Convention and the National Rifle Association weigh in on such issues as the death penalty, taxation, gun control, affirmative action, abortion, and foreign policy. The authors' lucid introduction traces America's turn to the right from the demise of New Deal liberalism to the election of George W. Bush in 2000, examining the conservatives' motivations and strategies and the key events that fostered the rise of conservative attitudes. Each document is preceded by a headnote, helping students understand how the author and his or her line of thinking fit into the story of the movement. A timeline, questions for consideration, and a list of suggested readings also aid comprehension of the material.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312450649
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 3/28/2007
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Sales rank: 511,709
  • Product dimensions: 5.97 (w) x 8.20 (h) x 0.36 (d)

Meet the Author

RONALD STORY taught social, political and military history at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and elsewhere for many decades before retiring in 2006. Among his works are A Concise Historical Atlas of World War II (2005), Five Colleges (1993), Sports in Massachusetts (1991), A More Perfect Union (1984-1995), The Forging of an Aristocracy (1980), Generations of Americans (1976); thirty articles and essays; and two digital works, The Jackie Robinson Educational Archives (1998) and The American Civil War (1996).

BRUCE LAURIE is professor of history at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where he teaches courses in U.S. labor, comparative slavery and emancipation, and historiography. His books include Beyond Garrison: Antislavery and Social Reform (2005) and Artisans into Workers (1989). He has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Antiquarian Society and is a Co-Education Director of a Fulbright Summer Institute at Amherst College.

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Table of Contents

Foreword

Preface

PART ONE. INTRODUCTION: THE MAKING OF A MOVEMENT

First Steps, 1945-1968

Expanding the Base, 1968-1980

Clean Sweep, 1980-2000

PART TWO. THE DOCUMENTS

1. First Steps, 1947-1968

1. David Lawrence, America Turns the Corner, July 11, 1947

2. Strom Thurmond et al., Platform of the States' Rights Democratic Party, 1948

3.
Joseph R. McCarthy, Lincoln Day Address, February 20, 1950

4. Douglas MacArthur, Farewell Address to Congress, 1951

5. Russell Kirk, From The Conservative Mind, 1953

6. William F. Buckley, Jr., Publisher's Statement on Founding National Review, November 19, 1955

7. National Review, Why the South Must Prevail, April 24, 1957

8. Robert Welch, From The Blue Book of the John Birch Society, 1959

9. Barry Goldwater, From The Conscience of a Conservative, 1960

10. Young Americans for Freedom, The Sharon Statement, 1960

11. Milton Friedman, From Capitalism and Freedom, 1962

12. Ronald Reagan, Rendezvous with Destiny, October 24, 1964

13. L. Brent Bozell, Who Is Accommodating to What? May 4, 1965

2. Expanding the Base, 1968-1980

14. George Wallace for President Brochure, 1968

15. Spiro Agnew, Two Speeches, October 20, 1969 and October 30, 1969

16. Frank S. Meyer, Defense of the Republic, April 7, 1970

17. Donald Atwell Zoll, Capital Punishment, December 3, 1971

18. Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Confidential Memorandum: Attack on American Free Enterprise System, 1971

19. Jeff MacNelly, "You in a Heap o' Trouble, Son,Ó March 17, 1972

20. Richard M. Nixon, Labor Day Radio Address, 1972

21. National Rifle Association, Act Before It Is Too Late, September 1974

22. Nathan Glazer, From Affirmative Discrimination, 1975

23. Alan Crawford, The Taxfighters Are Coming! November 1975

24. Phyllis Schlafly, Interview with the Washington Star, January 18, 1976

25. Committee on the Present Danger, Common Sense and the Common Danger, 1976

26. Eugene R. Methvin, The NEA: A Washington Lobby Run Rampant, November 1978

27. Hugh Haynie, American Weakness, September 1979

28. Paul Weyrich, Building the Moral Majority, August 1979

29. Ronald Reagan, Nomination Acceptance Speech, 1980

3. Clean Sweep, 1980-2000

30. George Gilder, From Wealth and Poverty, 1981

31. Ronald Reagan, Speech to the National Association of Evangelicals, March 1983

32. J. A. Dorn, Social Security: Continuing Crisis or Real Reform? 1983

33. Southern Baptist Convention, Resolution on Abortion, June 1984

34. President's Commission on Privatization, Report on Privatization, March 18, 1988

35. Antonin Scalia, Opinion on the Juvenile Death Penalty, 1988

36. William G. Laffer III, George Bush's Hidden Tax: The Explosion in Regulation, 1992

37. Jenny Westberg, Abortion Drawings, 1993

38. David Frum, From Dead Right, 1994

39. Southern Baptist Convention, Resolution on Homosexual Marriage, June 1996

40. Randy Tate, Middle Class Families Need a Flat Tax, 1999

41. Tim LaHaye, Anti-Christ Philosophy Already Controls America and Europe, September 1999

42. George W. Bush, Nomination Acceptance Speech, 2000

Appendixes

A Chronology of the Conservative Movement (1947-2000)

Questions for Consideration

Selected Bibliography

Index

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