Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change / Edition 1

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What are the causes of imperial decline? This work studies the Ottoman empire in the 18th and 19th centuries to argue that the Ottoman imperial decline resulted from a combination of Ottoman internal dynamics with external influences. Specifically, it contends that the split within the Ottoman social structure across ethno-religious lines interacted with the effects of war and commerce with the West to produce a bifurcated Ottoman bourgeoisie. This bourgeoisie, divided into disparate commercial and bureaucratic elements, was able to challenge the sultan but was ultimately unable to salvage the empire. Instead, the Ottoman empire was replaced by the Turkish nation-state and others in the Balkans and the Middle East. This work will appeal to students of sociology and Ottoman studies.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[A] stimulating study....Her ideas concerning what Ottoman inheritance documents reveal about society are novel, as are her definitions of the bourgeoisies in late Ottoman history. The book should interest not only students of Ottoman studies but also all those concerned with the problem of Westernization in the Third World, particularly sociologists."—Choice

"[A] valuable contribution to the neglected field of Ottoman social history"—American Historical Review

"...The book offers numerous innovative ideas about Ottoman history. "—Journal of Social History

"...a stimulating, thought-provoking work"—The Journal of Interdisciplinary History

"...an important contribution to the study of class formation and social change. The book is concise yet rich in detail, well researched, and grounded in historical evidence from both primary and secondary sources."—American Journal of Sociology

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195099256
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/1996
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 232
  • Lexile: 1490L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.43 (w) x 9.56 (h) x 0.85 (d)

Meet the Author

Fatma Müge Göçek is Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Michigan, and author of East Encounter's West: France and the Ottoman Empire in the 18th Century (Oxford, 1987).

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Class Formation and the Ottoman Empire 3
1 Ottoman Structure, Social Groups, and Westernization 20
2 War, Ottoman Officials, and Western Institutions: Rise of the Bureaucratic Bourgeoisie 44
3 Trade, Ottoman Merchants, and Western Goods: Rise of the Commercial Bourgeoisie 87
4 "Civilization," Ottoman Intellectuals, and Western Ideas: Polarization Within the Bourgeoisie 117
Conclusion: The Emergence of a Bifurcated Ottoman Bourgeoisie 138
Appendix 143
Notes 145
References 185
Index 209
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