The Rise of the Standard Model: A History of Particle Physics from 1964 to 1979

The Rise of the Standard Model: A History of Particle Physics from 1964 to 1979

by Lillian Hoddeson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521570824

ISBN-13: 9780521570824

Pub. Date: 11/01/1997

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Based on a conference held at Stanford University, this is the third volume of a series recounting the history of particle physics and offers the most up-to-date account of the rise of the Standard Model, which explains the microstructure of the world in terms of quarks and leptons and their interactions. The wide-ranging articles explore the detailed scientific…  See more details below

Overview

Based on a conference held at Stanford University, this is the third volume of a series recounting the history of particle physics and offers the most up-to-date account of the rise of the Standard Model, which explains the microstructure of the world in terms of quarks and leptons and their interactions. The wide-ranging articles explore the detailed scientific experiments, the institutional settings in which they took place, and the ways in which the many details of the puzzle fit together to account for the Standard Model.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521570824
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
11/01/1997
Pages:
714
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.85(d)

Table of Contents

Contributors
Editors' Acknowledgments
Photographs of the Symposium
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Mathematical Notation
1The Rise of the Standard Model: 1964-19793
2Changing Attitudes and the Standard Model36
3Two Previous Standard Models45
4From the Psi to Charmed Mesons: Three Years with the SLAC-LBL Detector at SPEAR57
5The Discovery of the Tau Lepton79
6The Discovery of the Upsilon, Bottom Quark, and B Mesons101
7The Discovery of CP Violation114
8Flavor Mixing and CP Violation137
9The Path to Renormalizability145
10Renormalization of Gauge Theories179
11Asymptotic Freedom and the Emergence of QCD199
12Quark Confinement233
13A View from the Island243
14On the Early Days of the Renormalization Group250
15The Rise of Colliding Beams261
16The CERN Intersecting Storage Rings: The Leap into the Hadron Collider Era285
17Development of Large Detectors for Colliding-Beam Experiments299
18Pure and Hybrid Detectors: Mark I and the Psi308
19Building Fermilab: A User's Paradise338
20Panel Session: Science Policy and the Social Structure of Big Laboratories364
21Some Sociological Consequences of High-Energy Physicists' Development of the Standard Model384
22Comments on Accelerators, Detectors, and Laboratories394
23The First Gauge Theory of the Weak Interactions403
24The Early History of High-Energy Neutrino Physics411
25Gargamelle and the Discovery of Neutral Currents428
26What a Fourth Quark Can Do447
27Weak-Electromagnetic Interference in Polarized Electron-Deuteron Scattering459
28Panel Session: Spontaneous Breaking of Symmetry478
29Early Baryon and Meson Spectroscopy Culminating in the Discovery of the Omega-Minus and Charmed Baryons525
30Quark Models and Quark Phenomenology542
31From the Nonrelativistic Quark Model to QCD and Back561
32Deep-Inelastic Scattering and the Discovery of Quarks566
33Deep-Inelastic Scattering: From Current Algebra to Partons589
34Hadron Jets and the Discovery of the Gluon600
35Quarks, Color, and QCD625
36The Philosopher Problem634
37Should We Believe in Quarks and QCD?637
38A Historical Perspective on the Rise of the Standard Model645
Index685

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