The Rise of the Standard Model: A History of Particle Physics from 1964 to 1979

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Based on a conference held at Stanford University, this is the third volume of a series recounting the history of particle physics and offers the most up-to-date account of the rise of the Standard Model, which explains the microstructure of the world in terms of quarks and leptons and their interactions. The wide-ranging articles explore the detailed scientific experiments, the institutional settings in which they took place, and the ways in which the many details of the puzzle fit together to account for the Standard Model.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'… a beautifully produced collection of essays by most of the leading scientists involved - including no fewer than eight Nobel laureates - and several eminent historians … both practitioners and knowledgeable bystanders can draw inspiration from these reflections on what may turn out to have been the golden age of particle physics.' Graham Farmelo, New Scientist

'The volume is informative and useful to historians of physics.' Helge Kragh, Centaurus

'… this book is … worthwhile , timely and valuable.' R. Barlow, European Journal of Physics

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521570824
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 11/1/1997
  • Pages: 714
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 1.85 (d)

Table of Contents

Editors' Acknowledgments
Photographs of the Symposium
Abbreviations and Acronyms
Mathematical Notation
1 The Rise of the Standard Model: 1964-1979 3
2 Changing Attitudes and the Standard Model 36
3 Two Previous Standard Models 45
4 From the Psi to Charmed Mesons: Three Years with the SLAC-LBL Detector at SPEAR 57
5 The Discovery of the Tau Lepton 79
6 The Discovery of the Upsilon, Bottom Quark, and B Mesons 101
7 The Discovery of CP Violation 114
8 Flavor Mixing and CP Violation 137
9 The Path to Renormalizability 145
10 Renormalization of Gauge Theories 179
11 Asymptotic Freedom and the Emergence of QCD 199
12 Quark Confinement 233
13 A View from the Island 243
14 On the Early Days of the Renormalization Group 250
15 The Rise of Colliding Beams 261
16 The CERN Intersecting Storage Rings: The Leap into the Hadron Collider Era 285
17 Development of Large Detectors for Colliding-Beam Experiments 299
18 Pure and Hybrid Detectors: Mark I and the Psi 308
19 Building Fermilab: A User's Paradise 338
20 Panel Session: Science Policy and the Social Structure of Big Laboratories 364
21 Some Sociological Consequences of High-Energy Physicists' Development of the Standard Model 384
22 Comments on Accelerators, Detectors, and Laboratories 394
23 The First Gauge Theory of the Weak Interactions 403
24 The Early History of High-Energy Neutrino Physics 411
25 Gargamelle and the Discovery of Neutral Currents 428
26 What a Fourth Quark Can Do 447
27 Weak-Electromagnetic Interference in Polarized Electron-Deuteron Scattering 459
28 Panel Session: Spontaneous Breaking of Symmetry 478
29 Early Baryon and Meson Spectroscopy Culminating in the Discovery of the Omega-Minus and Charmed Baryons 525
30 Quark Models and Quark Phenomenology 542
31 From the Nonrelativistic Quark Model to QCD and Back 561
32 Deep-Inelastic Scattering and the Discovery of Quarks 566
33 Deep-Inelastic Scattering: From Current Algebra to Partons 589
34 Hadron Jets and the Discovery of the Gluon 600
35 Quarks, Color, and QCD 625
36 The Philosopher Problem 634
37 Should We Believe in Quarks and QCD? 637
38 A Historical Perspective on the Rise of the Standard Model 645
Index 685
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