The Rising Tide of Conservatism in Turkey

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This book provides a study of the socio-political and cultural climate in Turkey in the aftermath of the Cold War, which resulted in a major voter re-alignment in the Turkish political system in the mid – 1990s. Except for a brief period of coalition governments, the country came under the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), a conservative political party, which has been a coalition of pious Sunnis , liberals, Kurdish nationalists, former socialists, led by leaders from immaculate political Islamist backgrounds. Concomitantly, Turkish society has begun to experience increasing religiosity, authoritarianism, spreading lack of interpersonal trust and tolerance, increasing xenophobia, and anomie. The book delves into the sources of such a surge of conservatism, traditionalism, and parochialism in Turkey of the 1990s and 2000s. Data collected through nationally representative survey conducted in 2006 are analyzed to decipher the core driving forces of current Turkish society and politics in this book.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

The Rising Tide of Conservatism in Turkey by Professors Ali Çarkoglu and Ersin Kalaycioglu is a very important contribution to the quantitative based literature on modern Turkish politics. The results presented in this book are based on a number of professionally conducted surveys that illuminate the fundamental changes of political and social attitudes in the Turkish electorate. I consider this book to be a superb example of the way data, history and statistical analysis can present a scientifically based insight into the political evolution of a dynamical country whose geopolitical location is going to become more and more important in the politics of the countries north and east of the Black Sea and the Islamic countries of the Middle East.”--Melvin Hinich, Departments of Government, Economics, and Applied Research Laboratories, The University of Texas at Austin

“This book is one of the most compelling accounts of contemporary developments in Turkish societal value structures that have profound implications for the country’s future. Through survey research and meticulous analysis, Ali Çarkoglu and Ersin Kalaycioglu demonstrate the apparent rise of conservatism among Turkey’s citizens over time that cover such important issues as; religiosity, tolerance, attitudes towards women, ideological shifts, and xenophobia.  Their study provides a valuable comparison to earlier periods of the Republic and project into the future through a provocative discussion of implications of this rising conservatism for the country’s domestic milieu and foreign affairs. It is a solid study that is a must read for followers of Turkish politics and comparative politics.”--Birol A. Yesilada, Professor of Political Science & Contemporary Turkish Studies Endowed Chair, Portland State University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780230602625
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
  • Publication date: 5/26/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 192
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Ali Çarkoglu, Professor of Political Science at Sabanci University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey. Student of Comparative Politics and Methodology. Dr. Carkoglu’s publications appeared in the European Journal of Political Research, Electoral Studies, Turkish Studies, New Perspectives on Turkey, South European Society and Politics, Middle Eastern Studies, Political Studies and in edited volumes. He edited with Barry Rubin Religion and Politics in Turkey, Special Issue of Turkish Studies, vol. 6 no.2 June, 2005 and with William Hale. Politics of Modern Turkey, Routledge (forthcoming 2008).

Ersin Kalaycioglu, Professor of Political Science at Sabanci University, Faculty ofg Arts and Social Sciences, Istanbul, Student of Comparative Politics and Turkish Politics. Dr. Kalaycioglu has published on political participation, political representation, and Turkish politics. His recent publications are Turkish Dynamics: A Bridge Across Troubled Lands (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)., Turkish Politics Today: Turkish Democracy Today: Elections, Participation and Stability in an Islamic Society, (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007) (co-authored with Ali Carkoglu).

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Table of Contents

Going Back to the Future
• Shock, Awe and Suspense
• Change, Reform and Fear
• Modernization and Its Enemies
• Attitudes toward Uncertainty
• Explaining the Character of Turkish Conservatism
• Political Consequences of Conservatism
• Turkey and Foreign Relations (EU – US)
• Conclusion

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