Risky Business: Canada's Changing Science-Based Policy and Regulatory Regime

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Overview

Risky Business is a comprehensive look at Canada’s science-based policy and regulatory regime. It asks what risks Canadians might be exposed to as fiscal pressures strain the capacity of regulators in areas such as food, drugs, pesticides, fisheries, and the environment.

The first part of this book focuses the reader’s attention on diverse and major themes and issues that pervade science-based regulatory regimes today. The second part suggests a framework for analysis and endeavours to present both sympathetic and critical perspectives on the inner-workings of regulatory departments and agencies in the area of the protection of human and environmental health and safety.

Covering such topics as the organizational evolution of regulatory agencies, regulatory bodies’ changing sources and levels of funding, a review of the independence of science, and the increased potential for realization of risk, these essays point to the need for these regulators to operate with openness and accessibility in order to maintain public confidence. Indeed, the contributors argue that this openness is crucial to both democratic governance and the development of innovative knowledge economies.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A collaborative effort initiation from within the public administration department at Carleton University. The 15 studies, presented at an October 1998 conference in Ottawa, explore such aspects of Canadian government policy as risk management trapped at the interface between science and policy, whether eco-labelling can undermine international agreement on science-based standards, modernizing science-based regulation in the Food Inspection Agency, and science and conservation regarding fisheries and oceans. They are not indexed. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface vii
Contributors ix
1 Canada's Changing Science-Based Policy and Regulatory Regime: Issues and Framework 3
Part 1 Macro-Issues and Policy Controversies
2 Government Science and the Public Interest 31
3 Between Expertise and Bureaucracy: Risk Management Trapped at the Science-Policy Interface 49
4 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (Mad Cow Disease): Lessons for Public Policy 75
5 Can Eco-Labelling Undermine International Agreement on Science-Based Standards? 102
6 Risk-Based Regulatory Responses in Global Food Trade: A Case Study of Guatemalan Raspberry Imports into the United States and Canada, 1996-1998 131
7 Socioeconomic versus Science-Based Regulation: Informal Influences on the Formal Regulation of rbST in Canada 156
Part 2 Science in Regulatory and Risk Management Institutions
8 The Therapeutic Products Programme: From Traditional Science-Based Regulator to Science-Based Risk-Benefit Manager? 185
9 The Canadian Food Inspection Agency: Modernizing Science-Based Regulation 208
10 The Pest Management Regulatory Agency: The Resilience of Science in Pesticide Regulation 234
11 Fisheries and Oceans Canada: Science and Conservation 261
12 Patient Science versus Science on Demand: The Stretching of Green Science at Environment Canada 286
13 A Question of Balance: New Approaches for Science-Based Regulation 307
14 Central Agencies, Horizontal Issues, and Precarious Values: Coordinating Science Policy in the Federal Government 334
15 Conclusions: New Institutions and Prospects for Change 363
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