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General Sir John Glubb was the last British pro-Consul of the region and commander of the Arab Legion during the crucial years between 1936 and 1956. He was witness to the collapse of Palestine and the final foundation and establishment of the State of Israel. Now in paperback, this book looks at Glubb's personal vision of the Middle East and its peoples. Morris examines his reactions to the Arab Revolt in Palestine and the periodic plans to partition Palestine and establish a Jewish state. This masterful account...
General Sir John Glubb was the last British pro-Consul of the region and commander of the Arab Legion during the crucial years between 1936 and 1956. He was witness to the collapse of Palestine and the final foundation and establishment of the State of Israel. Now in paperback, this book looks at Glubb's personal vision of the Middle East and its peoples. Morris examines his reactions to the Arab Revolt in Palestine and the periodic plans to partition Palestine and establish a Jewish state. This masterful account offers the first in-depth look at Glubb's of his thinking, aims and actions during 1948, as he led his small army into Palestine and war against Israel.
|1||Glubb on Arabs and Jews||9|
|2||The Arab Revolt 1936-39||33|
|3||World War II and its Aftermath||56|
|4||The Road to Jerusalem||91|
|6||Border Wars, 1949-1956||209|
|Conclusion (After 1956)||233|
Posted November 10, 2008
When in 1956 King Hussein terminated the services of Glubb Pasha, Selwyn Lloyd - the British Foreign Secretary - who was then dining with Nasser, thought it was Nasser who instigated the King's action.<BR/> <BR/>Heikal, Egypt's leading journalist who was very close to Nasser, confirmed time and again that Nasser had never had pre-knowledge of the Jordanian Monarch decision to send Glubb Pasha back home - to England.<BR/> <BR/>Although such remark has the ring of memoirs written after the event, it is confirmed that Nasser told Lloyd " I am happy Britain decided to take back Glubb recognizing the furor now prevailing in the Streets of Amman `yelling' against the Baghdad Pact.... Your action may well have been taken to absorb such uproar and prevent it from spreading - Congratulations "" but unfortunately Selwyn Lloyd took Nasser's remarks to evoke grandeur of speech to hurt the British intelligence. <BR/>Antony Eden, whose life had been a flaming dedication to Britain's colonial existence that was then believed to erase national lines, strongly felt what Nasser was not - A dictator with the Pan Arab theory ennobling the fulfillment of his historic mission. Eden released his inhibitions and brought the British Cabinet to the desired state of raw excitement, an added reason that was intended to lead to the fateful 1956 Suez events.... <BR/><BR/>Schooled in an era in which the relation of the subject to the sovereign has no basis other than obedience, Eden was unable to understand a world organized upon any other foundation, comfortable only in the presence of authority. Eden took the ousting of Glubb Pasha as a personal insult.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted July 6, 2004
This excellent book studies the career of John Glubb Pasha, the most influential of the British `orientalist¿ corps of officers and officials serving in the Middle East until 1956. He commanded the Transjordan Arab Legion from 1939 to 1956 and played an important part in setting up modern Jordan by helping King Abdullah to establish his rule. In 1948 he led the Legion to a limited victory in the first Arab-Israeli war. Benny Morris, a leading Israeli historian, has based his book on extensive study in the archives of David Ben Gurion, the Israel Defence Forces, the Israeli State, the UN, the Haganah and St Anthony¿s College Middle East Centre, including the Glubb Papers, and in the Public Record Office. Glubb retained the typical imperial contempt for both Jews and Arabs, especially for educated or urban people. But his opposition to Zionism was not based on his anti-Semitism, any more than his support for Arab aspirations was based on his anti-Arabism. He believed that opposing Zionism and supporting Jordan were policies that would strengthen Britain¿s hold in the Middle East. He was always a loyal servant of the British Empire, acting in what he saw as its best interests. Morris supports the contention, made most notably by Avi Shlaim in his 1988 book, Collusion across the Jordan, that Israel and Jordan collaborated during the 1948 war. He shows how Israel and Jordan came to a secret understanding in November 1947 to partition Palestine and not to attack each other. Since the Transjordan Legion was much the best Arab force opposing Israel, the agreement showed that this war did not really threaten Israel with annihilation. Jordanian forces invaded Palestine not to attack Israel but to annex its Arab-populated eastern regions. The Legion did not attack any area that the UN had planned for Israel. Israel broke the agreement by attacking the Legion in May, July and October 1948. The Legion took over the West Bank and East Jerusalem, saving them from Israeli conquest. King Abdullah had done what the British government wanted, strengthening Jordan at the Palestinians¿ expense.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.