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Excerpt from book:
PART I. RULES OF ORDER. Art. I. How Business Is Conducted in Deliberative Assemblies. 1. Introduction of Business 25 2. What Precedes Debate 26 3. Obtaining the Floor 27 4. Motions and Resolutions 33 5. Seconding Motions 36 6. Stating the Question 38 7. Debate 38 8. Secondary Motions 40 9. Putting the Question and Announcing the Vote 40 10. Proper Motions to Use to Accomplish Certain Objects 43 1. Introduction of Business. An assembly having been organized as described in 69, 70, 71, business is brought before it either by the motion of a member, or by the presentation of a communication to the assembly. It is not usual to make motions to receive reports of committees or communications to the assembly. There are many other cases in the ordinary routine of business where the formality of a motion is dispensed with, but should any member object, a regular motion becomes necessary, or the chair may put the question without waiting for a motion. 2. What Precedes Debate. Before any subject is open to debate it is necessary, first, that a motion be made by a member who has obtained the floor; second, that it be seconded (with certain exceptions) ; and third, that it be stated by the chair, that is, by the presiding officer. The fact that a motion has been made and seconded does not put it before the assembly, as the chair alone can do that. He must either rule it out of order, or state the question on it so that the assembly may know what is before it for consideration and action, that is, what is the immediately pending question. If several questions are pending, as a resolution and an amendment and a motion to postpone, the last one stated by the chair is the immediately pending question. While no debate or other motion is in order af...