Roman Army: The Civil Wars 88-31 BC

Overview

The Roman Legions were the most highly organized troops of the ancient world, but the process of turning the Legions from what was essentially a part-time citizen militia into the professional force that first made Rome the dominant power in the Mediterranean and then built an empire that stretched across the known world, was no small feat

Focusing on the organizational changes in the Roman Army during the Civil Wars, Nic Fields examines the role played by Caius Marius and his ...

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Overview

The Roman Legions were the most highly organized troops of the ancient world, but the process of turning the Legions from what was essentially a part-time citizen militia into the professional force that first made Rome the dominant power in the Mediterranean and then built an empire that stretched across the known world, was no small feat

Focusing on the organizational changes in the Roman Army during the Civil Wars, Nic Fields examines the role played by Caius Marius and his far-reaching reforms, which included having professional volunteers from the lowest social class enter the army in search of the possibility of plunder. He goes on to examine the consequences of encouraging these soldiers to follow their commanders without question, which broke the allegiance of the army to the Roman state, a trend that gave rise to militarily ambitious men such as Sulla, Pompeius, Caesar, Antonius, and Octavian.

With the nuts and bolts detail that readers demand from the Battle Orders series, this is an intriguing description of how the Roman army grew, modernized, rebelled and finally helped build an empire, complete with full organizational charts, photographs and detailed maps.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781846032622
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 10/21/2008
  • Series: Battle Orders
  • Pages: 96
  • Sales rank: 819,056
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Nic Fields started his career as a biochemist before joining the Royal Marines. Having left the military, he went back to University and completed a BA and PhD in Ancient History at the University of Newcastle. He was Assistant Director at the British School at Athens, Greece, and then a lecturer in Ancient History at the University of Edinburgh. Nic is now a freelance author and researcher.
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Table of Contents


Introduction 4 Roman military organization 6 Legion Auxiliaries Cavalry Weapons and equipment 18 Legionaries Auxiliaries Cavalry Command and control 28 Legion command Centuriate Junior officers Command and control in action The Roman Army in battle 36 Roman tactical doctrine and practice Legion Auxiliaries Cavalry Engineering 43 Marching and permanent camps Roads and bridges Siegeworks The civil wars 50 Pharsalus, Pompey versus Caesar Thapsus, the republican sunset Philippi, the final bout Actium, Antonius versus Octavianus Poets, propaganda and absolute power 80 Chronology 82 Ancient authors 85 Appian (b. ad 95)
Cassius Dio (b. ad 164)
Plutarch (c. ad 46-120)
Suetonius (b. c. ad 70)
The Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus 89 Bibliography 90 Glossary 92 Legionary titles 94 Index 95
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