Roman Auxiliary Forts

Overview

With the vast expansion of the Roman Empire came a need for more and more fortifications to defend it. The borders of the Empire stretched through wildly different terrains which demanded a huge variety of different fortifications, depending on the local conditions and the threats faced by the different areas. The adoption of local troops (auxiliaries) and local building techniques at key strategic points on the outskirts of the empire led to an intriguing mix of strong Roman structure with unique culturally ...

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Overview

With the vast expansion of the Roman Empire came a need for more and more fortifications to defend it. The borders of the Empire stretched through wildly different terrains which demanded a huge variety of different fortifications, depending on the local conditions and the threats faced by the different areas. The adoption of local troops (auxiliaries) and local building techniques at key strategic points on the outskirts of the empire led to an intriguing mix of strong Roman structure with unique culturally diverse elements. Describing the development of these hugely varied defensive systems, Duncan Campbell delves into the operation and social history behind the fortifications. With detailed color artwork and maps, he traces their history through the Batavian Revolt of the 1st century AD, which saw auxiliary units scattered far from their native regions, until the decline of the late-3rd and 4th centuries placed their fortifications in an increasingly pressurized and eventually untenable position.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"All of this is superbly illustrated by photographs of the sites as they appear today as well as the excellent illustrations of Brian Delf, whose work allows us a look at these places as photos of the ruins cannot easily portray. In all, a fine addition to the Fortress series and a book that I believe you will find interesting." - Scott Van Aken, Modeling Madness (September 2009)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781846033803
  • Publisher: Osprey Publishing, Limited
  • Publication date: 5/19/2009
  • Series: Fortress Series
  • Pages: 64
  • Product dimensions: 7.10 (w) x 9.70 (h) x 0.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr Duncan B Campbell is a specialist in ancient Greek and Roman warfare. He published his first paper in 1984, as an undergraduate at Glasgow University, and produced a complete re-assessment of Roman siegecraft for his Ph.D. His work has appeared in several international journals. He lives near the Antonine Wall in Scotland with his wife and son.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 4

Chronology 5

Chronology of Roman Auxiliary Forts 7

Auxiliary forts under the Julio-Claudian emperors (27 bc-ad 68)

Auxiliary forts under Vespasian and Titus (ad 69-81)

Auxiliary forts under Domitian (ad 81-96)

Auxiliary forts under Trajan (ad 98-117)

Auxiliary forts under Hadrian (ad 117-38)

Auxiliary forts under the Antonines: Antoninus Pius (ad 138-61)

Auxiliary forts under the Antonines: Marcus Aurelius and Commodus (ad 161-92)

Auxiliary forts under the Severans: Septimius Severus, Caracalla and Severus Alexander (ad 193-235)

The Design and Development of Auxiliary Forts 24

The strength and organization of auxiliary units

The sizes of auxiliary forts

The Elements of an Auxiliary fort 32

The overall layout of the fort: gates and roadways

The defences

The headquarters building Granaries

Hospitals

Other buildings

Fort annexes

Living in a Roman Fort 46

The commander's house (praetorium)

The barrack blocks

Women in the fort?

The bathhouse (balneum)

The water supply

The latrines

Aftermath: Auxiliary Forts in the Later Period 59

The Sites Today 61

Further Reading 62

Select bibliography

Glossary 63

Index 64

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