The Roman Frontier in Central Jordan: Final Report on the Limes Arabicus Project, 1980-1989

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Until the 1980s, the Roman frontier in modern Jordan was among the least studied of the empire's far-flung border regions. From 1980 until 1989, the Limes Arabicus Project investigated the frontier east of the Dead Sea. Excavation focused on the late Roman legionary fortress of el-Lejjun as well as soundings of four smaller but contemporaneous forts. The project's regional survey recorded over five hundred other archaeological sites in the area, dating from the Paleolithic to the Late Islamic periods. This report presents detailed results from the excavated forts, a broad range of material cultural evidence from animal bones to bedouin burials, and provides a synthesis of the history of this frontier, which witnessed the first confrontation between the Byzantine Empire and the forces of Islam.
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Editorial Reviews

Journal of Roman Studies

The material, systematically and fully presented, is a significant contribution for all students interested in the Roman presence at the edge of the desert, in the late Roman army, in military archaeology of the Near East from the late third century till the Islamic conquest, in architecture, small finds, glass, coins, and metallurgy.
— Benjamin Isaac

Journal of Roman Studies - Benjamin Isaac
The material, systematically and fully presented, is a significant contribution for all students interested in the Roman presence at the edge of the desert, in the late Roman army, in military archaeology of the Near East from the late third century till the Islamic conquest, in architecture, small finds, glass, coins, and metallurgy.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780884022985
  • Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection
  • Publication date: 9/28/2006
  • Series: Dumbarton Oaks Studies Series, #40
  • Pages: 1104
  • Product dimensions: 8.80 (w) x 11.30 (h) x 3.00 (d)

Meet the Author

S. Thomas Parker is Professor of History at North Carolina State University.
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Table of Contents


List of Abbreviations

List of Figures

List of Plates

List of Tables

Part I: Introduction

1. Introduction
by S. Thomas Parker

Part II: The Survey

2. The Regional Survey
by Vincent A. Clark, Frank L. Koucky, and S. Thomas Parker

Limes Arabicus Project: Survey Site Catalogue

Part III: The Legionary Fortress of el-Lejjun

3. The Legionary Fortress of el-Lejjun
by S. Thomas Parker

4. The Principia of el-Lejjun (Area A)
by Andrea Lain and S. Thomas Parker

5. The Barracks at el-Lejjun (Areas K, L, R, and B.6)
by Jennifer C. Groot, Jennifer E. Jones, and S. Thomas Parker

6. The Fortifications of el-Lejjun (Area C)
by Bert de Vries, Victoria Godwin, and Andrea Lain

7. The Legionary Bath (Area C.10)
by Bert de Vries and Andrea Lain

8. Rooms along the Via Principalis (Area N)
by Robert Schick

9. The Horreum at el-Lejjun (Area M)
by Patricia Crawford

10. The Lime Kiln (Area O)
by Bert de Vries, Andrea Lain, and Robert Schick

Part IV: The Vicus (Canabae) of el-Lejjun

11. The East Vicus Building (Area P)
by Patricia Crawford and S. Thomas Parker

12. The Vicus Temple (Area Q)
by Vincent A. Clark

13. The Water-mills in Wadi Lejjun
by Bert de Vries

Part V: Sounding of Other Sites

14. The Castellum of Da'janiya (Area T)
by Victoria L. Godwin


Part VI: Reports on Material Culture

15. The Small Finds
by Joann McDaniel

16. The Pottery
by S. Thomas Parker

17. Late Islamic Ceramic Sequences from el-Lejjun: Stratigraphic and Historical Contexts
by Robin M. Brown

18. The Glass
by Janet Duncan Jones

19. The Coins
by John Wilson Betlyon

20. Evidence of Ironworking at el-Lejjun: Metallographic and Chemical Analyses of Slags from the Area B Barrack
by Frank L. Koucky and Eric C. Lapp

21. The Plant Remains
by Patricia Crawford

22. Livestock and Limitanei: The Zooarchaeological Evidence
by Michael R. Toplyn

23. The Human Osteological Remains
by Andrea Lain

Part VII: Historical Conclusion

24. History of the Roman Frontier East of the Dead Sea
by S. Thomas Parker



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