The city of Rome is the largest archaeological site in the world, capital and showcase of the Roman Empire and the centre of Christian Europe.

This guide provides:

Coverage of all the important sites ...
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The city of Rome is the largest archaeological site in the world, capital and showcase of the Roman Empire and the centre of Christian Europe.

This guide provides:

Coverage of all the important sites in the city from 800 BC to AD 600 and the start of the early middle ages, drawing on the latest discoveries and the best of recent scholarship

Over 220 high-quality maps, site plans, diagrams and photographs

Sites divided into fourteen main areas, with star ratings to help you plan and prioritize your visit:
Roman Forum; Upper Via Sacra; Palatine; Imperial Forums; Campus Martius; Capitoline Hill; Circus Flaminius to Circus Maximus; Colosseum and Esquiline hill; Caelian hill and the inner via Appia; Lateran to Porta Maggiore; Viminal hill; Pyramid to Testaccio; the outer via Appia; other outlying sites; Museums and Catacombs.

Introduction offering essential background to the history and culture of ancient Rome, placing the city in the context of the development of the empire, highlighting the nature of Roman achievement, and explaining how Rome came to be the largest city in the ancient world.

Comprehensive glossaries of Rome's building materials, techniques and building types, a chronological table of kings, emperors, and the early popes, information about opening times, references and suggestions for further reading and a detailed user-friendly index.

For this new edition the original text has been extensively revised, adding over 20 more sites and illustrations, the itineraries have been re-organized and expanded to suit the many changes that have taken place in the past decade, and the practical information and references have been fully updated.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"We have long needed what no one before Claridge has provided: a synthesis, balanced and user-friendly, of all [the] recent scholarship, one that sets Roman monuments in their proper urban and historical contexts, and accurately describes what is currently known or thought about them. . . . [T]ravellers . . .will welcome a synthesis so balanced, intelligent and well informed, and will find Amanda Claridge a fine companion on their archaeological walks in Rome."--Times Literary Supplement

"Claridge's book will appeal to a range of readers--from armchair archaelogists to serious visitors and students of Rome's archaeology.... Recommended."--CHOICE

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780191501388
  • Publisher: OUP Oxford
  • Publication date: 8/5/2010
  • Series: Oxford Archaeological Guides
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 2
  • Sales rank: 396,244
  • File size: 18 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Amanda Claridge is Professor of Roman Archaeology at Royal Holloway University of London. Assistant Director of the British School at Rome from 1980 to 1994, her wider archaeological activities have included fieldwork in Rome, elsewhere in Italy, North Africa, and Turkey, and the study of Roman marbles and sculptural techniques, on which she is a noted authority.

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Table of Contents

How to use this Guide

Introduction 1

Historical Overview 4

Documentary Sources 33

Glossary 39

Rome's Building Materials 39

Building Techniques 46

Architectural Orders and Dimensions 52

Building-Types 55

Major Public Works 60

The Roman Forum 63

Porticus of Gaius and Lucius and the Basilica Paulli (Aemilia) 69

Senate House (Curia) 71

The Comitium and the Black Stone 75

Arch of Septimius Severus 78

Temple of Concordia Augusta 80

Temple of Vespasian and Titus and the Precinct of the Harmonious Gods 82

Temple of Saturn 83

Vicus Jugarius 84

Rostra (Orators' Platform) 85

Column of Phocas 87

The Forum Pavement 88

Honorary Columns 91

Basilica Julia 92

Temple of Castor 94

Domitianic Hall---Ramp---S. Maria Antiqua 95

The Spring (fons) and Pool (lacus) of Juturna 98

Temple of Divus Julius 100

Arch of Augustus 101

The Upper Via Sacra 105

Temple of Vesta 105

House of the Vestal Virgins (Atrium Vestae) 107

Regia 109

Temple of Divus Antoninus Pius and Diva Faustina 111

'Temple of Divus Romulus 113

New Basilica (Basilica Nova) of Maxentius/Constantine 115

Horrea Vespasiani---Etruscan and Republican Houses 117

Temple of Roma and Venus (Church and Monastery of S. Francesca Romana---S. Maria Nova) 118

Arch of Titus 121

The Palatine 125

Farnese Gardens 129

Precinct of Victory 131

Houses of 'Livia' and 'Augustus'---Temple of Apollo 135

Domitian's Palace 145

Imperial Forums 161

Forum of Caesar 163

Forum of Nerva: S end 169

Temple-Forum of Peace: W corner 171

Forum of Nerva: N end 174

Forum of Augustus 177

Forum of Trajan 180

Basilica Ulpia 184

Column of Trajan 186

Trajan's Markets 193

Republican City Gate 196

Field of Mars (Campus Martius) 197

Mausoleum of Augustus 204

Altar of the Augustan Peace (Ara Pacis Augustae) 207

Augustan Obelisk and Meridian (Horologium Augusti) 214

Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina 219

Aqua Virgo 222

Temple of Deified Hadrian (Hadrianeum) 223

Pantheon 226

Piazza Navona---Stadium of Domitian 234

Theatre and Porticus of Pompey 239

Republican vicotory-temples (Largo Argentina) 241

Temple---Via delle Botteghe Oscure 246

Theatre and Porticus ('Crypta') of Balbus 247

Circus Flaminius 250

Porticus (?) Via S. Maria dei Calderari no.23 B 251

Insula of S. Paolo alla Regola 253

Gateway to the Porticus of Octavia 253

Tiber Island 257

Capitoline Hill 259

Shops and Apartment Building on Five Levels (Insula) 263

'Tabularium' 271

Circus Flaminius to Circus Maximus 274

Theatre of Marcellus 275

Temple of Apollo Medicus Sosianus 277

Republican victory-temples (in the Vegetable Market) 279

Arcades along the Triumphal Route 282

Archaic and Republican Temples (S. Omobono) 282

Temple of Portunus 285

Round Temple 287

Roman Buildings---S. Maria in Cosmedin 288

'Arch of Janus' 291

Arch of the Argentarii 292

S. Giorgio al Velabro 294

Roman Buildings---S. Anastasia 297

Mithraeum 298

Circus Maximus 299

Colosseum Valley and Esquiline Hill 301

Base of the Colossus 306

Meta Sudans 307

Arch of Constantine 308

Colosseum (Amphitheatrum) 312

Ludus Magnus 319

S. Clemente 319

Baths of Trajan 324

Nero's Golden House 326

'Sette Sale' Cistern 328

Servian Wall 328

'Auditorium of Maecenas' 330

Nymphaeum of Alexander Severus 333

Esquiline Gate (Arch of 'Gallienus') 335

Compital Altar 335

S. Martino ai Monti 337

Caelian Hill and the Inner Via Appia 341

Nero's Nymphaeum 343

Nero's Aqueduct 344

S. Stefano Rotondo 345

Caelian Gate (Arch of Dolabella) 348

Temple of Deified Claudius 349

SS Giovanni e Paolo 350

Clivus Scauri 351

Roman Houses under SS Giovanni e Paolo 351

'Library of Agapetus' 355

The Beginning of the Via Appia 356

Baths of Caracalla 357

Tomb of the Scipios 365

Appia Gate and Museum of the Walls 369

Lateran-Porta Maggiore 373

The Lateran 373

Lateran Baptistery 373

Castrense Amphitheatre 377

Sessorium-Imperial Gardens at 'Old Hope' 379

Porta Maggiore 383

Underground Basilica 387

'Minerva Medica' 390

The Viminal 391

Baths of Diocletian 391

Republican City Walls 396

Pyramid-Testaccio 397

Ostia Gate (Porta S. Paolo) and Museum of the Via Ostiensis 397

Pyramid of Cestius 397

Monte Testaccio---the Amphora Mountain 402

Navalia ('Porticus Aemilia') and Tiber Wharves 403

Across the Tiber 407

Excubitorium of the Fire Brigade 407

Sanctuary of the Syrian Gods at the Spring of Furrina 409

Mausoleum of Hadrian---(Castel S. Angelo) 410

Parks of the Appia Antica 417

Almo Valley (Caffarella Park). Temple-tombs and 'Nymphaeum of Egeria' 417

Hypogeum of Vibia 425

Villa and Circus of Maxentius 426

Tomb of Caecilia Metella 430

Further out on the Via Appia 433

Villa of the Quintilii 434

Other Sites Outside the Walls 439

Mausoleum and Circus-Basilica of 'St Constantia' 439

Tomb of the Lucilii 441

Sanctuary of Anna Perenna at the Spring of the Nymphs 442

Villa at the Auditorium 444

Catacombs 447

Catacombs of St Callixtus (S. Callisto) 449

Catacombs of St Sebastian (S. Sebastiano) 451

Catacombs of Domitilla (or of SS Nereus and Achilleus) 453

Catacombs of Priscilla 454

Catacombs of St Agnes (Sant' Agnese) 455

Some Catacombs which can be visited with a permit 455

Catacombs of Praetextatus (Pretestato) 456

Jewish Catacombs on the Via Appia Antica 456

Catacombs of St Pancras (S. Pancrazio or Ottavilla) 457

Catacombs of the Cimitero Maggiore 457

Catacombs of SS Peter and Marcellinus 457

Catacombs of the Giordani 458

Museums 459

Musei Capitolini (Capitoline Museums) 460

Centrale Montemartini 468

Musei e Gallerie Pontifiche (Vatican Museums) 469

Museo Nazionale di Villa Giulia 477

Museo Nazionale Romano (delle Terme) 481

Terme Museum 482

Palazzo Massimo 483

Octagonal Hall---Rotunda Diocletiani 485

Palazzo Altemps 486

Crypta Balbi 487

Museo Palatino (Palatine Museum) 487

Museo Barracco 488

Caelian Antiquarium 490

Galleria Borghese 490

Museo Preistorico ed Etnografico 'Luigi Pigorini' (Luigi Pigorini Museum of Prehistory and Ethnography) 492

Museo della Civilta Romana (Museum of Roman Civilization) 492

Museo dell' Alto Medioevo (Museum of the Early Middle Ages) 493

Chronological Table 494

Opening Times and Charges 497

References and Further Reading 502

Illustrations Acknowledgements 519

Index 521

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