Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism / Edition 1

Rome in America: Transnational Catholic Ideology from the Risorgimento to Fascism / Edition 1

by Peter R. D'Agostino
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807828424

ISBN-13: 9780807828427

Pub. Date: 04/19/2004

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

For years, historians have argued that Catholicism in the United States stood decisively apart from papal politics in European society. The Church in America, historians insist, forged an "American Catholicism," a national faith responsive to domestic concerns, disengaged from the disruptive ideological conflicts of the Old World. Drawing on previously unexamined

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Overview

For years, historians have argued that Catholicism in the United States stood decisively apart from papal politics in European society. The Church in America, historians insist, forged an "American Catholicism," a national faith responsive to domestic concerns, disengaged from the disruptive ideological conflicts of the Old World. Drawing on previously unexamined documents from Italian state collections and newly opened Vatican archives, Peter D'Agostino paints a starkly different portrait. In his narrative, Catholicism in the United States emerges as a powerful outpost within an international church that struggled for three generations to vindicate the temporal claims of the papacy within European society.

Even as they assimilated into American society, Catholics of all ethnicities participated in a vital, international culture of myths, rituals, and symbols that glorified papal Rome and demonized its liberal, Protestant, and Jewish opponents. From the 1848 attack on the Papal States that culminated in the creation of the Kingdom of Italy to the Lateran Treaties in 1929 between Fascist Italy and the Vatican that established Vatican City, American Catholics consistently rose up to support their Holy Father. At every turn American liberals, Protestants, and Jews resisted Catholics, whose support for the papacy revealed social boundaries that separated them from their American neighbors.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807828427
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
04/19/2004
Edition description:
1
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction : whose Rome? Whose Italy?1
Pt. IIntransigence, 1848-1914
Ch. 1The Roman question : the battle for civilization, 1815-187819
Ch. 2The transnational symbolic contest for Rome, 1878-191453
Ch. 3The mayor of Rome is an "atheist Jew," 1910-191484
Pt. IITransformation, 1914-1929
Ch. 4The Great War : "keep the Roman question alive," 1914-1920103
Ch. 5The church encounters the order Sons of Italy in America, 1913-1921132
Ch. 6Catholics meet Mussolini : "the chosen instrument in the hands of divine providence," 1919-1929158
Pt. IIIRealization, 1929-1940
Ch. 7The Lateran Pacts of 1929 and the crisis of 1931 : defending "The Holy Island"197
Ch. 8Preaching fascism and American religious politics230
Ch. 9Stubborn and lonely : American Catholic anti-fascists258
Ch. 10Parish conflicts : the church and fascist Italy manage "all spirit of rebellion"282
Epilogue304
Notes317
Bibliography361
Index383

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