Roosevelt's Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War

Roosevelt's Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War

by Frank Costigliola
     
 

ISBN-10: 069112129X

ISBN-13: 9780691121291

Pub. Date: 01/16/2012

Publisher: Princeton University Press

In the spring of 1945, as the Allied victory in Europe was approaching, the shape of the postwar world hinged on the personal politics and flawed personalities of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. Roosevelt's Lost Alliances captures this moment and shows how FDR crafted a winning coalition by overcoming the different habits, upbringings, sympathies, and past

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Overview

In the spring of 1945, as the Allied victory in Europe was approaching, the shape of the postwar world hinged on the personal politics and flawed personalities of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. Roosevelt's Lost Alliances captures this moment and shows how FDR crafted a winning coalition by overcoming the different habits, upbringings, sympathies, and past experiences of the three leaders. In particular, Roosevelt trained his famous charm on Stalin, lavishing respect on him, salving his insecurities, and rendering him more amenable to compromise on some matters.

Yet, even as he pursued a lasting peace, FDR was alienating his own intimate circle of advisers and becoming dangerously isolated. After his death, postwar cooperation depended on Harry Truman, who, with very different sensibilities, heeded the embittered "Soviet experts" his predecessor had kept distant. A Grand Alliance was painstakingly built and carelessly lost. The Cold War was by no means inevitable.

This landmark study brings to light key overlooked documents, such as the Yalta diary of Roosevelt's daughter Anna; the intimate letters of Roosevelt's de facto chief of staff, Missy LeHand; and the wiretap transcripts of estranged adviser Harry Hopkins. With a gripping narrative and subtle analysis, Roosevelt's Lost Alliances lays out a new approach to foreign relations history. Frank Costigliola highlights the interplay between national political interests and more contingent factors, such as the personalities of leaders and the culturally conditioned emotions forming their perceptions and driving their actions. Foreign relations flowed from personal politics—a lesson pertinent to historians, diplomats, and citizens alike.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691121291
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
01/16/2012
Pages:
544
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.60(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction 1
CHAPTER 1: A Portrait of the Allies as Young Men: Franklin, Winston, and Koba 21
CHAPTER 2: From Missy to Molotov: The Women and Men Who Sustained the Big Three 58
CHAPTER 3: The Personal Touch: Forming the Alliance, January-August 1941 97
CHAPTER 4: Transcending Differences: Eden Goes to Moscow and Churchill to Washington, December 1941 141
CHAPTER 5: Creating the "Family Circle": The Tortuous Path to Tehran, 1942-43 163
CHAPTER 6: "I've Worked It Out": Roosevelt's Plan to Win the Peace and Defy Death, 1944-45 205
CHAPTER 7: The Diplomacy of Trauma: Kennan and His Colleagues in Moscow, 1933-46 259
CHAPTER 8: Guns and Kisses in the Kremlin: Ambassadors Harriman and Clark Kerr Encounter Stalin, 1943-46 291
CHAPTER 9: "Roosevelt's Death Has Changed Everything": Truman's First Days, April-June 1945 312
CHAPTER 10: The Lost Alliance: Widespread Anxiety and Deepening Ideology, July 1945-March 1946 359
Conclusion and Epilogue 418
Acknowledgments 429
Bibliographical Note 433
Notes 437
Index 523

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