Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism: The Globalization of Martyrdom [NOOK Book]

Overview

This highly topical new study clearly shows how there are at least two reasons to question the central role that is assigned to religion, in particular Islam, when explaining suicide terrorism.


  • suicide terrorism is a modern phenomenon, yet Islam is a very old religion. Except for two periods in the twelfth and eighteenth centuries, suicide was never part of Islamist beliefs and behaviours. Actually, Islam clearly forbids ...
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Root Causes of Suicide Terrorism: The Globalization of Martyrdom

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Overview

This highly topical new study clearly shows how there are at least two reasons to question the central role that is assigned to religion, in particular Islam, when explaining suicide terrorism.


  • suicide terrorism is a modern phenomenon, yet Islam is a very old religion. Except for two periods in the twelfth and eighteenth centuries, suicide was never part of Islamist beliefs and behaviours. Actually, Islam clearly forbids suicide, hence, the argument that Islamic religious beliefs are the main cause of suicide terrorism is inherently dubious

  • many suicide attacks have been carried out by secular organizations with little connection to fundamentalist Islam: Palestinian Fatah; the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; and the Kurdish Workers Party. Moreover, one of the organizations that has employed this strategy devastatingly and regularly is the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam). Not only are members of this organization not Muslim, most of them are not religious at all.


This superb new book contains essays by some of the world's leading scholars of terrorism and political violence. It is essential reading for students of terrorism, political science and Middle Eastern politics, and useful to students of social psychology, theology and history.  

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781135987367
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 9/27/2006
  • Series: Political Violence
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 224
  • File size: 941 KB

Table of Contents


List of figures     x
List of tables     xi
Notes on contributors     xii
Preface     xv
Acknowledgments     xix
Introduction: characteristics of suicide attacks   Ami Pedahzur   Arie Perliger     1
Characteristics of suicide terrorist attacks     1
Defining suicide terrorism   Assaf Moghadam     13
Introduction     13
Labeling suicide terrorism     14
Suicide attacks: narrow and broad     17
Conclusion     21
Dying to kill: motivations for suicide terrorism   Mia Bloom     25
Motivations for suicide terror     35
Domestic politics and public support     41
The goals of suicide bombing: group competition, and outbidding     44
Religious versus nationalist suicide bombers     46
Dying to be martyrs: the symbolic dimension of suicide terrorism   Mohammed M. Hafez     54
Introduction     54
Is dying to kill rational? The limits of rationalist explanations     56
The role of religion, nationalism, and community in constituting a culture of martyrdom     61
Conclusion     75
The roots of suicide terrorism: amulti-causal approach   Assaf Moghadam     81
Abstract     81
Introduction     81
A multi-causal approach to the study of suicide terrorism     83
The individual level of analysis (L1)     89
The organizational level of analysis (L2)     93
The environmental level of analysis (L3)     96
Conclusion     99
Suicide terrorism for secular causes   Leonard Weinberg     108
Postscript     120
Islam and al Qaeda   Marc Sageman     122
The evolution of the global Salafi jihad ideology     122
Data     124
The global Salafi jihad and Islam     125
Joining the jihad     127
Motivating terrorist operations     129
Conclusion     131
Al-Qaeda and the global epidemic of suicide attacks   Yoram Schweitzer     132
Introduction     132
Al-Qaeda and Istishad     134
The suicide attacks of Al-Qaeda-an implementation of the concept of Istishad     142
Al-Qaeda's affiliates' suicide attacks     143
Conclusion     148
Being bin Laden: an Applied Decision Analysis procedure for analyzing and predicting terrorists decisions    Alex Mintz   J. Tyson Chatagnier   David J. Brule     152
Introduction     152
Defining and operationalizing suicide attacks     152
Applied Decision Analysis     153
The suicide attack on the USS Cole     156
The 1998 merger     157
Constructing bin Laden's decision matrix     157
Analysis: attack on the Colt     162
Analysis: merger with EIJ     170
Conclusion     174
Maghreb immigrants becoming suicide terrorists: a case study on religious radicalization processes in Spain   Rogelio Alonso   Fernando Reinares     179
Introduction     179
The run up to the collective suicide: March 11, 2004     179
The suicide in Leganes on April 3, 2004     183
The seven suicide terrorists     185
Profiles and social networks     191
Index     199
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