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Roots of American Racism: Essays on the Colonial Experience / Edition 1

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Overview


This important new collection brings together ten of Alden Vaughan's essays about race relations in the British colonies. Focusing on the variable role of cultural and racial perceptions on colonial policies for Indians and African Americans, the essays include explorations of the origins of slavery and racism in Virginia, the causes of the Puritans' war against the Pequots, and the contest between natives and colonists to win the other's allegiance by persuasion or captivity. Less controversial but equally important to understanding the racial dynamics of early America are essays on early English paradigmatic views of Native Americans, the changing Anglo-American perceptions of Indian color and character, and frontier violence in pre-Revolutionary Pennsylvania. Published here for the first time are an extensive exposé of slaveholder ideology in seventeenth-century Barbados, the second half of an essay on Puritan judicial policies for Indians, a general introduction, and headnotes to each essay. All previously published pieces have been revised to reflect recent scholarship or to address recent debates.

Challenging standard interpretations while probing previously-ignored aspects of early American race relations, this convenient and provocative collection by one our most incisive commentators will be required reading for all scholars and students of early American history.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Vaughan's mastery of the primary and secondary sources and secondary literature is evident....Vaughan is clearly invigorated by the debate and open to new findings. His is an important voice in the dialogue on race in America."--The North Carolina Historical Review

"These essays should be of great interest to specialists in early American history."--Historical Journal of Massachusetts

"For those scholars and students who are unfamiliar with Vaughan's work, or who desire to reread his major articles on this thorny issue, this book will be valuable and "timulating."--History

"Since Vaughan has long been one of our most distinguished commentators...the collection is most welcome."--Journal of American Ethnic History

"An indispensable work for early Anglo-American attitudes and behaviors toward Indians, and their significantly different responses towards blacks."--John T. Juricek, Emory University

"...this is a tidy volume through which undergraduate and established-scholar alike can revisit many branches of the far-reaching and shady structure of American racism."--Pennsylvania History

"Vaughan's own scholarly itinerary is well represented in these essays...thoughtfull and balanced essay...is always fairminded and meticulous, and his notes are fascinating."--William and Mary Quarterly

"...A major achievement...Vaughn draws upon a lifetime of distinguished scholarship to produce a coherent and challenging account of the origins of Anglo-American racism."--Labor History

"Vaushan has been a productive scholar for over thirty years and this collection of ten of his essays conveniently summarizes the substance and scope of his contributions to the field of early American history. Readers already familiar with Vaughan's writings will be pleased with this volume. There is much to admire in Vaughan's finely crafted essays."--New York History

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195086874
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 5/28/1995
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 368
  • Lexile: 1560L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

1 From White Man to Redskin: Changing Anglo-American Perceptions of the American Indian 3
2 Early English Paradigms for New World Natives 34
3 Slaveholders' "Hellish Principles": A Seventeenth-Century Critique 55
4 Frontier Banditti and the Indians: The Paxton Boys' Legacy, 1763-75 82
5 "Expulsion of the Salvages": English Policy and the Virginia Massacre of 1622 105
6 Blacks in Virginia: Evidence from the First Decade 128
7 The Origins Debate: Slavery and Racism in Seventeenth-Century Virginia 136
8 Pequots and Puritans: The Causes of the War of 1637 177
9 Tests of Puritan Justice 200
10 Crossing the Cultural Divide: Indians and New Englanders, 1605-1763 213
Notes 253
Index 343
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