Roots Of Violence

Overview

Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This ...

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Overview

Examining conflict and warfare in Chad from both historic and contemporary perspectives, Mario Azevedo explores not only how violence has permeated and become almost an intrinsic part of the fabric of the central-eastern Sudanic societies, but how foreign interference from centuries ago to the present-day have exacerbated rather than suppressed the violence. Although the main objective of the volume is to understand present Chad, it provides comprehensive and analytical discussion of Chad's violent past. This strategy goes beyond putting the blame on the unwise and ethnic policies at Francois Tombalbaye or Felix Malloum; instead, Roots of Violence clarifies the role of violence in both pre- and post-colonial Chad and, thus, demythologizes many of the assumptions held by scholars and non-scholars alike.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789056995829
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 11/26/1998
  • Series: War and Society Series
  • Pages: 202
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Series
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
1 Environment and Society 1
Understanding Chad
Geography and Human Habitat
Classifying Chadian Societies
Chad's Major Ethnic Groups
Violence Among Chad's Pre-Colonial Acephalous Societies
Conclusion: A Complex Society in Transition
2 Chad's Centralized Societies and the Use of Organized Violence 21
Kanem-Bornu, Wadai, and Bagirmi
Rabah Fadlallah and Smaller States of Central Sudan
Slave Raids and Violence in Central Sudan
3 The Army as an Instrument of Organized Violence in Central Africa 47
Battle Formation and Military Engagements
The Role of Horses, Camels, and Firearms
4 The Role of Violence During the Colonial Era 65
Conquest and Pacification
Violence in the Administration of Chad
Post-World War II Reforms
5 Independence and Civil War in Chad 89
Civilian Rule (1960-1975)
Statism Over Fragmentary Ethno-Politics (1975-1979)
The Demise of the State (1979-1982)
6 The Nature and Use of Violence in Post-Colonial Chad 115
Habre and Desert Warfare
Warlords and War Casualties
Conclusion
7 International Involvement and the Escalation of Violence in Chad 137
The Progression of a Neo-Colonial Relationship
Libya's Meddling in Chadian Affairs
The Reagan Administration and Chad
African States and the Chadian Conflict
The OAU and Violence in Chad
8 At the Crossroads: Lessons and Prospects 169
Chad's Violence in Archaic and Modern Times
Slavery and Religion in Central Sudan
France and the Foreign Factor in the Chadian Conflict
Chad's Future
References 181
Index 193
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