Roots Of Wisdom / Edition 1

Roots Of Wisdom / Edition 1

by J. Daryl Charles, Claus Westermann
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0664255590

ISBN-13: 9780664255596

Pub. Date: 12/01/1994

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

In this book, Claus Westermann argues that Israel's early wisdom literature grew out of an oral tradition reflecting an agrarian setting. Dealing primarily with Proverbs 10-31, Westermann demonstrates how the wisdom literature evolved into a form of poetry that had greater universal appeal as the people of Israel became more urbanized. A distinctive feature of

Overview

In this book, Claus Westermann argues that Israel's early wisdom literature grew out of an oral tradition reflecting an agrarian setting. Dealing primarily with Proverbs 10-31, Westermann demonstrates how the wisdom literature evolved into a form of poetry that had greater universal appeal as the people of Israel became more urbanized. A distinctive feature of Roots of Wisdom is Westermann's use of other wisdom sayings, particularly those from ancient Africa, to illustrate the logical progression of wisdom poetry being simply observational in character to becoming more universal in character.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780664255596
Publisher:
Westminster John Knox Press
Publication date:
12/01/1994
Pages:
188
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.43(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction1
I.The Early Proverbial Wisdom of Israel1
II.History of Research3
1.Proverbial Statements6
I.Proverbs of Observation and Experience6
1.Observations about People6
2.Contrasts11
3.The Human Being and Its Social Standing, Work, and Possessions17
4.The Human Being in Community and Family24
5.The Human Being in Public Life28
6.The King31
7.The Messenger36
8.Summary36
II.Proverbs about Human Character38
1.Form38
Excursus 1The Relationship of the Proverbs to Old Testament Laws40
2.Types of Character That Endanger the Community41
3.Characterization of Behavior45
4.Characterization of the Fool by Comparison46
5.Characterization of the One Who Promotes the Community47
6.Conclusion48
III.Proverbs of Antithesis: The Foolish-The Wise50
1.Originally Double-Verse Proverbs and Those Editorially Constructed50
2.Proverbs Dealing Exclusively with the Foolish and the Wise52
3.The Wisdom of the Wise in Transition56
IV.Comparisons58
1.The Content of the Comparisons59
2.The Form of the Comparisons61
3.The Uniqueness of the Comparisons Exemplified63
V.Proverbs of Value Judgment (Comparative Proverbs)68
VI.Numerical Proverbs: Commendations and Riddles72
VII.Proverbs of Antithesis: The Righteous-The Wicked75
1.Basic Fourfold Thematic Structure75
2.Proverbs of Antithesis: The Righteous-The Wicked in Chapters 25--2979
3.What Happens between the Righteous and the Wicked80
Excursus 2The Righteous and the Wicked in the Psalms and Job81
Excursus 3Comparisons in the Proverbs of Antithesis: The Righteous-The Wicked82
4.Summary83
2.Hortatory Proverbs (Imperative Sayings)85
I.Two Types of Hortatory Proverbs85
II.The Introduction in 22:17-21: The Summons to Listen86
III.Exhortations concerning Instruction87
IV.General Exhortations87
Excursus 4The Structure of 22:17-24:24 and Its Correspondence to the Teaching of Amenemope88
V.Hortatory Words in Chapters 22--24: Summary89
VI.Scattered Proverbs in Chapters 22--2491
VII.Hortatory Proverbs outside of 22:17-24:2491
Excursus 5The Farewell Exhortation in Tobit 4:3-1993
3.Poetry in the Book of Proverbs95
4.Proverbs in the Old Testament Outside of Proverbs 10--3199
I.Proverbs in Proverbs 1--999
II.Individual Proverbs in Qohelet99
III.Proverbs in the Historical and Prophetic Books103
IV.Wisdom Sayings in the Psalms104
V.Wisdom in the Book of Job105
5.The Change From Proverbial Wisdom to Didactic Poetry108
6.A Form-Critical Sketch of Wisdom109
7.Wisdom Proverbs as Words of Jesus111
I.Rudolf Bultmann111
II.Max Kuchler113
III.W. A. Beardslee115
IV.Summary115
V.A Sketch of a Grouping of Proverbs in the Gospels116
8.God and Humanity in Early Proverbial Wisdom118
I.The Understanding of Humanity in Proverbial Wisdom118
1.The Human Being; the Creature118
2.The Human Being as a Creature among Creatures; the Environment120
3.The Fruit of the Garden; Provisions120
4.Work and Its Yield121
5.The Human Being in Community122
6.Discourse122
II.The Work of God in Early Wisdom123
1.Yahweh as the Creator of Humanity123
2.God and His Work as the Limitation of Human Possibilities125
3.God Chastises and Forgives in Mercy126
4.Proverbs of Antithesis: God's Dealing with the Righteous and the Wicked127
5.The Fear of Yahweh128
Summary129
Excursus 6Wisdom and Theology131
Conclusion132
I.The Significance of the Universal Aspects of the Proverbs132
II.Humanity Comes of Age133
III.Wisdom, Science, and Philosophy135
1.Time and Place135
2.Science and Wisdom136
3.Wisdom and Philosophy136
IV.Ecclesiastes 3:1-11 (Luther's Translation): Humanity in Its Temporality138
Appendix140
I.Comparisons with Proverbial Sayings from Other Times and Places140
II.African Proverbs141
III.Hortatory Words of Tobatak of Sumatra148
IV.Form and Scope of Sumerian Proverbs150
V.The Teaching of Amenemope155
VI.The Instruction of Onch-Sheshonqy159
VII.Conclusion162
VIII.Epilogue164
Abbreviations165
Notes167
A Select Chronological Bibliography175

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