Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Aristotle on Ethicsby Gerard Hughes, Hughes Gerard
Pub. Date: 05/28/2001
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Hughes explains the key elements in Aristotle's Nichomachean Ethics terminology and highlights the controversy regarding the interpretations of his writings. In addition, he examines the role that Aristotle's ethics continue to play in contemporary moral philosophy by comparing and contrasting his views with those widely held today.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgements; Note on the Text; 1. Aristotle's Life and Work; An Outline of his Life and Times; His Works and Philosophical Background; 2. Style, Structure and Aim of the Ethics; The Nicomachaean Ethics; Aristotle's Preface (1): Why Do We Do Anything at All?; Aristotle's Preface (2): Realistic Expectations; Aristotle's Preface (3): Suitable Students; 3. The Fulfilled Life; The Meanings of Eudaimonia and Arete; Fulfilled Lives?; A Central Problem: "Dominant" or "Inclusive?"; Two Further Agreed Characteristics of Eudaimonia; Background: Aristotle's Views on the Human Soul; The Function Argument; The Characteristic Activity of Humans; The Characteristically Human and the Fulfilled Life; The Fulfilled Life and the Morally Admirable; Theoria and Being a Good Citizen; 4. Moral Virtues and Moral Training; The Definition of Moral Virtue; "A habitual disposition"; "Lying in a mean relative to us"; "A mean which is determined by reason"; "By which the person of practical wisdom would determine it"; "Concerned with choice"; Moral Training; What they already have; What they still need; Indoctrination?; 5. Practical Wisdom; Overview of the Issues; Practical Wisdom and Theoretical Ability; Is Practical Wisdom like other Practical Skills?; Practical Wisdom: About Means or about Ends?; a. "Particulars" and "Universals"; b. Deliberation, Means and Ends; Practical Wisdom and Moral Virtue; The Unity of the Virtues; Is Aristotle's Account Defensible?; 6. Responsibility; "Acting Willingly": Sorting Out Common Opinions; a. Compulsion; b. Ignorance; Moral Conclusions: The Best Index of Character; Responsibility for One's Character;Decisions and Freedom; Additional Note on "Wanting"; 7. Moral Failure; Why is Moral Failure Problematic?; Aristotle's Solution: One Interpretation; A More Detailed Defence; Several Types of Culpable Failure?; The Practical Syllogisms; Does Aristotle Defend Socrates or Commonsense?; Can we say why some people act wrongly when they need not have?; 8. Relationships with Others; Aristotelian Relationships; Is Aristotle an Ethical Egoist?; Flexibility, Relationships and Justice; 9. Pleasure and the Good Life; The issues as they appeared to Aristotle; a. Eudoxus; b. The physiology and psychology of pleasure; c. Geneal Moral Arguments; Aristotle's Comments on the Moral Arguments; The Argument from Opposites; Aristotle's Own View: Arguments and Problems; Pleasure is not a Process; Pleasure as the Perfection of an Acitivity; Are Some Pleasures Not Really Pleasures?; Is the Fulfilled Life Enjoyable?; 10. Aristotle's Moral World and Ours; Culture: Acceptance and Criticism; a. Some Unusual Athenian Virtues; b. Uncritical Acceptance?; Virtues and Principles; Bibliography
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