Royal Women of Amarna: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt

Royal Women of Amarna: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt

by Dorothea Arnold, Metropolitan Museum of Art Staff
     
 

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During a brief seventeen-year reign (ca. 1353-1336 B.C.) the pharaoh Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, founder of the world's first known monotheistic religion, devoted his life and the resources of his kingdom to the worship of the Aten (a deity symbolized by the sun disk) and thus profoundly affected history and the history of art. The move to a new capital, Akhenaten/Amarna,…  See more details below

Overview

During a brief seventeen-year reign (ca. 1353-1336 B.C.) the pharaoh Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, founder of the world's first known monotheistic religion, devoted his life and the resources of his kingdom to the worship of the Aten (a deity symbolized by the sun disk) and thus profoundly affected history and the history of art. The move to a new capital, Akhenaten/Amarna, brought essential changes in the depictions of royal women. It was in their female imagery, above all, that the artists of Amarna departed from the traditional iconic representations to emphasize the individual, the natural, in a way unprecedented in Egyptian art. A picture of exceptional intimacy emerges from the sculptures and reliefs of the Amarna Period. Akhenaten, his wife Nefertiti, and their six daughters are seen in emotional interdependence even as they participate in cult rituals. The female principle is emphasized in astonishing images: the aging Queen Mother Tiye, the mysterious Kiya, and Nefertiti, whose painted limestone bust in Berlin is the best-known work from ancient Egypt - perhaps from all antiquity. The workshop of the sculptor Thutmose - one of the few artists of the period whose name is known to us - revealed a treasure trove when it was excavated in 1912. An entire creative process is traced through an examination of the work of Thutmose and his assistants, who lived in a highly structured environment. All was left behind when Amarna was abandoned after the death of Akhenaten and the return to religious orthodoxy.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
An introduction and guide to the Metropolitan Museum of Art's exhibition titled "Queen Nefertiti and the Royal Women: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt". The author explores the dramatic artistic revolution which took place during the 17-year reign of the Apharaoh Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten (ca. 1353- 1335 BC) during which time these fine images of Queen Nefertiti and other royal women, including Nefertiti's six daughters, were created. Includes a chronological chart of the Amarna period, a genealogy of the royal family, and a checklist of works on exhibit. Superb color plates. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780870998164
Publisher:
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Publication date:
10/28/1996
Pages:
169

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