Rules and Red Tape: A Prism for Public Administration Theory and Research

Rules and Red Tape: A Prism for Public Administration Theory and Research

by Barry Bozeman, Mary K. Feeney
     
 

Building on Barry Bozeman's previous book, Bureaucracy and Red Tape (2000), this fundamental reworking and extension now focuses on red tape and public management, considering the topic of "bureaucracy" only as it frames issues of red tape. This new work-Rules and Red Tape: A Prism for Public Administration Theory and Research-includes new chapters on red tape

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Overview

Building on Barry Bozeman's previous book, Bureaucracy and Red Tape (2000), this fundamental reworking and extension now focuses on red tape and public management, considering the topic of "bureaucracy" only as it frames issues of red tape. This new work-Rules and Red Tape: A Prism for Public Administration Theory and Research-includes new chapters on red tape research that review and integrate the recent work that has burgeoned in the fields of public management, public administration, and public policy subsequent to the publication of the previous book.

Red tape, like concepts such as "politics" or "public interest," is one of those terms everyone knows, but for which there is surprisingly little shared meaning. Is red tape perceptual or objective? Is it neutral, or negative, or can red tape even be positive? Does it necessarily entail delays? Does red tape equate with bad management? Does red tape flow from rules or are rules themselves red tape? These questions, and more, are all pondered in this book.

Rules and Red Tape presents the most comprehensive treatment available of red tape research and theory, reviewing its considerable progress, but also providing a critique and pointing to possible new directions. Additionally, in exploring the path of red tape research and theory, the authors reflect on the topic as an illustration of how research and theory intersect in public administration and offer a critique of theory development.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765623355
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/15/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

1 Situating Red Tape Research and Theory 3

Red Tape as a Focus of Scholarly Inquiry 5

Situating Red Tape Scholarship: Three Knowledge Domains 6

Knowledge Competition: Which to Use? 10

A Learning Laboratory for Theory-Building 12

Prelude to an Embedded Criticism of Red Tape Research and Theory 15

Chapter Overview 15

2 Why Red Tape Is Not So Black and White 19

Conceptual Origins 20

Organization Structure and Formalization 21

Formalization as Physiology, Red Tape as Pathology 22

Why Formalization Is Important 23

Red Tape Versus Formalization 24

Herbert Kaufman and the Concept of Beneficial Red Tape 25

Red Tape as Pathology 28

Resolving the Confusion of Pathology Versus Benefit 29

From Beneficial Red Tape to Contemporary Red Tape Theory 30

Theory of Rules and Red Tape 30

Thinking Systematically About Rules 33

Bureaucratic Pathology 42

Red Tape Defined: "No Redeeming Social Value" 43

New Concept: Multidimensional Red Tape 45

Conclusion 48

3 Elements of Red Tape Theory 51

Bozeman's Theory: Rule-Inception and Rule-Evolved Red Tape 52

Rule-Inception Red Tape 52

High Compliance and High Opportunity Cost Rules 60

Rule-Evolved Red Tape 61

Empirical Research Testing the Models and Propositions 68

Extant Conceptual and Theoretical Analyses of Red Tape 68

Relation of Theoretical and Conceptual Research 77

4 Empirical Research on Red Tape 79

Operationalizing and Measuring Red Tape 81

Self-Assessed Red Tape 84

Red Tape as Delay 96

General Findings of Empirical Research 98

Empirical Measurement and Implications 100

5 Contracting and Performance 107

Contracting 109

Performance 113

Stakeholder Red Tape 119

Concluding Remarks 123

6 A Research Agenda for Red Tape 125

What Has Gone Before 125

"Real Red Tape": Concepts, Constructs, and Explanation 126

Origins, Tracking, and Evolution 132

On Doing What We Are Doing, But Doing It Better 135

Theory Testing and Development 139

Concluding Remarks 142

7 Red Tape as Token 145

Critical Perspectives on Public Administration Research 146

An Embedded Assessment of Research and Theory 150

Red Tape as Token: What Are Its Bona Fides? 152

Embedded in Red Tape: Prehistory 153

Embedded in Projects: The Role of Team-Based Research Projects in the Development of Red Tape Research 157

Benefits of Team-Based Public Administration Projects 168

Concluding Thoughts 170

Appendixes 173

References 181

Index 199

About the Authors 207

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