Rules, Patterns and Words: Grammar and Lexis in English Language Teaching

Overview

Grammar is central to language pedagogy and teachers need a clear description of what constitutes grammar and how it can best be taught in the English language classroom. This book illustrates a new way of describing the grammar of spoken and written English. In an accessible style, the author demonstrates how lexical phrases, frames and patterns provide a link between grammar and vocabulary. He also discusses how the different aspects of the language require different learning processes and different teaching ...
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Overview

Grammar is central to language pedagogy and teachers need a clear description of what constitutes grammar and how it can best be taught in the English language classroom. This book illustrates a new way of describing the grammar of spoken and written English. In an accessible style, the author demonstrates how lexical phrases, frames and patterns provide a link between grammar and vocabulary. He also discusses how the different aspects of the language require different learning processes and different teaching techniques. These processes and techniques are contextualised within a task-based approach to teaching and learning. Numerous interactive tasks are provided to guide readers, and over forty examples of teaching exercises are included to illustrate techniques which can be applied in the classroom immediately.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521829243
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/31/2003
  • Series: Cambridge Language Teaching Library
  • Pages: 246
  • Product dimensions: 6.34 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.87 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements viii
1 What is taught may not be what is learnt: Some preliminary questions 1
1.1 Some questions about tags 2
1.2 Some questions about questions 5
1.3 Some questions about learning 6
1.4 Learning processes 8
1.5 Some questions about language 16
1.6 Summary 23
2 Grammar and lexis and learning 28
2.1 The grammar of structure 29
2.2 The grammar of orientation 34
2.3 Pattern grammar 37
2.4 Class 41
2.5 Lexical phrases and frames 43
2.6 Collocation 46
2.7 Words 45
2.8 Summary 47
3 Developing a teaching strategy 50
3.1 Tasks and communicative purpose 52
3.2 Language focus and learning processes 59
3.3 Summary 68
4 The grammar of structure 69
4.1 Clauses: Structure and pattern 69
4.2 The noun phrase 74
4.3 The verb phrase 90
4.4 Specific structures 91
4.5 Summary 92
5 The grammar of orientation: The verb phrase 94
5.1 What is orientation? 94
5.2 The 'traditional' pedagogic description of the verb 94
5.3 A systematic description 99
5.4 Using the grammatical description 111
5.5 Summary 124
6 Orientation: Organising information 126
6.1 Definite and indefinite articles 127
6.2 Building grammatical systems 129
6.3 Devices for organising text 132
6.4 Summary 140
7 Lexical phrases and patterns 142
7.1 What is a lexical phrase? 142
7.2 Polywords 145
7.3 Frames 146
7.4 Sentences and sentence stems 147
7.5 Patterns 148
7.6 Making learners aware of lexical phrases 160
7.7 Teaching phrases and patterns 161
7.8 Summary 166
8 Class: The interlevel 168
8.1 Grammar and lexis 168
8.2 Class and structure 168
8.3 Class and orientation 178
8.4 Summary: Class and the lexical syllabus 184
9 The grammar of spoken English 186
9.1 Spoken and written language: Some differences 186
9.2 Teaching the spoken language 198
9.3 Summary 210
10 A final summary 212
10.1 Language learning and language development 212
10.2 'Learning how to mean' 213
10.3 Individual priorities 214
10.4 The communicative framework 215
10.5 Language description and learning processes 217
10.6 Implications for teaching 219
10.7 An integrated model 222
10.8 Implications for syllabus design 222
10.9 In the meantime ... 225
References 227
Subject index 229
Name index 238
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