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Goodman examines the background of the AD 66 Judean revolt against Rome. He attempts to explain both the rebellion itself and its temporary success by discussing the role of the Jewish ruling class in the sixty years preceding the war and in the independent state that lasted until AD 70. The author shows that the revolt's ultimate cause was a misunderstanding by Rome of the status criteria of Jewish society.
1. Introduction: (i) The problem; (ii) The conventional explanations; (iii) Civil war, the ruling class and revolt; Part I. The Ruling Class AD 6–66: 2. The new ruling class AD 6; 3. Problems facing the ruling class: economic and social; 4. Problems facing the ruling class: religious ideology; 5. Why the ruling class failed; Part II. Faction Struggle within the Ruling Class: 6. Reactions to failure: the ruling class AD 6–66; 7. The outbreak of revolt; 8. The independent Jewish state AD 67–70; 9. Trends in faction politics AD 50–70; Part III. The Aftermath of the Revolt: 10. The Roman reaction.