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Law, crime, and justice are among the most salient issues in any country. This is especially true for a transitional nation like Russia that is facing tremendous social, political, and economic changes, many of which create conditions conducive to crime. These ongoing changes have had profound effects on every major social institution in the country, and the transition from totalitarianism and a command economy toward rule of law and a free market is resulting in shifts in fundamental cultural values. In this environment, governmental agencies are often left without a clear mission, especially given their sometimes dubious roles during the Soviet era, and are rarely provided with the resources necessary to fulfill the difficult duties that are so vital to a functional democracy. This volume, with chapters by highly respected scholars in several disciplines, provides a comprehensive sourcebook of scholarly analysis of the effects of these changes on legal developments and rule of law in Russia, its changing patterns and nature of crime, and its criminal justice system.
Contributions by: Adrian Beck, William E. Butler, Linda J. Cook, Galina N. Evdokushkina, Leonid A. Gavrilov, Natalia S. Gavrilova, Alla E. Ivanova, Janet Elise Johnson, Roy King, Robert W. Orttung, Letizia Paoli, Laura Piacentini, William Alex Pridemore, Annette Robertson, Daniel G. Rodeheaver, Richard Sakwa, Olga Schwartz, Victoria G. Semyonova, Louise I. Shelley, Peter H. Solomon Jr., Janine R. Wedel, and James L. Williams
Introduction: Law, Crime, and Justice in Transitional Russia
Part I: Law
Chapter 1: Presidential Power: The Struggle for Hegemony
Chapter 2: Russian Political Parties, the Duma, and the Welfare State
Chapter 3: The Creation of an Independent Judiciary and the Changing Nature of Courts and the Courtroom
Chapter 4: The Criminal Procedure Code of 2001: Will It Make Russian Justice More Fair?
Part II: Crime
Chapter 5: Flex Organizing and the Clan-State: Perspectives on Crime and Corruption in the New Russia
Chapter 6: Patterns of Violent Crime in Russia
Chapter 7: Violence against Women in Russia
Chapter 8: Russia's Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking: Efficient Crime Groups versus Irresolute Societies and Uncoordinated States
Chapter 9: The Ugly Side of Capitalism and Democracy: The Development of the Illegal Drug Market in Post-Soviet Russia
Part III: Justice
Chapter 10: Injecting Drug Use and HIV: Harm Reduction Programs and the Russian Legal System
Chapter 11: Juvenile Crime and Justice in Post-Soviet Russia
Chapter 12: Policing in Post-Soviet Russia
Chapter 13: The Russian Correctional System during the Transition
Conclusion: Whither Russia: Transition or Turmoil?