Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management / Edition 1

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Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management, Third Edition, has been revised and repackaged as a comprehensive textbook on Rural Development and Planning. This book is primarily targeted at graduate and post-graduate students of Rural Development, Agricultural Policy and Planning and Rural Management. New chapters have been added, keeping in mind the curricula taught in most colleges, academic institutes and universities in India. The updated content also takes into account training programmes in Rural Development, Rural Economics, Rural Management, and Agricultural Policy and Planning.
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Editorial Reviews

Indian Journal of agricultural Economics
The book recognizes the changes in the approach of rural development and includes all relevant issues for inclusive development with updated information….It is an essential reading and makes a significant contribution to the rural development literature and will be a good source of reference for students, researchers and policy makers particularly in India and in developing countries in general.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics

The book recognizes the changes in the approach of rural development and includes all relevant issues for inclusive development with updated information….It is an essential reading and makes a significant contribution to the rural development literature and will be a good source of reference for students, researchers and policy makers particularly in India and in developing countries in general.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780803995147
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 2/28/1987
  • Series: One-off Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 392

Meet the Author

Professor Katar Singh is currently Honorary (Founder) Chairman, India Natural Resource Economics and Management (INREM) Foundation, Anand which is a nongovernmental academic organization committed to promoting teaching, training and research in natural resource economics and environment management, and improving natural resource management policies and programmes. He holds a Ph.D. in agricultural economics from the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA, and has done postdoctoral research and advanced course work in natural resource economics from the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, USA and from the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University Bloomington, USA.

He has over 45 years of teaching, training, research and consulting experience in the areas of agricultural and rural development, and natural resource economics and management. He was Director and RBI Chair Professor in the Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA), India, and has also had a short stint as Director, Bankers Institute of Rural Development, Lucknow. He has also taught at the GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, India.

He has coordinated and conducted several research and consultancy projects funded by national and international agencies. A prolifi c writer, he has published over 120 articles and papers in professional journals of repute and authored/coauthored nine books, including a textbook Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management, Second Ed. (SAGE, 1999), and another entitled Environmental Economics: Theory and Applications (SAGE, 2007), coauthored with Dr Anil Shishodia. He has also coedited three books, namely, Co-operative Management of Natural Resources (SAGE, 1996), Natural Resource Economics: Theory and Application in India (Oxford & IBH, 1997), and Designing and Managing Rural Development Organisations (Oxford & IBH, 2000).

Professor Singh is a life member of numerous bodies including the Indian Society of Agricultural Economics (ISAE) and the Indian Association of Public Administration (IAPA). He has been recipient of several awards and honours, including Rathindra Puraskar 2003, awarded by Visva Bharati University, Santi Niketan, in recognition of his significant contribution to education in rural development and Sir Chhotu Ram National Award for the year 1996–97, awarded by CSS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, in recognition of his outstanding research work in the field of agriculture and rural development.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables xi

List of Figures xiii

List of Boxes xiv

Preface to the Third Edition xv

Preface to the Second Edition xvii

Preface to the First Edition xix

1 Introduction 1

Concepts and Connotations of Rural Development 2

Basic Elements of Rural Development 3

Growth versus Development 4

Why Rural Development 5

Rising Expectations and Development 6

Development and Change 6

Human Beings as the Cause and Consequence of Development 7

Some Dilemmas in Development 8

Main Points 11

Questions for Discussion 13

2 Rural Economy of India 14

Introduction 14

Size and Structure of the Rural Economy 15

The Characteristics of the Rural Sector 21

The Role of the Agricultural Subsector 25

The Role of the Non-agricultural Subsector 29

Challenges and Opportunities 32

Main Points 34

Questions for Discussion 36

3 Measures of Development 37

Introduction 37

Measures of Level of Rural Development 38

Measures of Income Distribution 46

Measures of Development Simplified 49

Concepts and Measures of Rural Poverty 50

Main Points 56

Questions for Discussion 57

4 Some Paradigms of Rural Development 59

Introduction 60

The Modernisation Theory 61

The Dependency Theory of the Marxist School 62

Rosenstein-Rodan's Theory of the 'Big Push' 64

Leibenstein's 'Critical Minimum Effort Thesis' 64

Lewis' Model of Economic Development 65

Gunnar Myrdal's Thesis of 'Spread and Backwash' Effects 67

The Human Capital Model of Development 68

The Gandhian Model of Rural Development 69

Development Theories from Other Social Sciences 73

Main Points 74

Questions for Discussion 76

5 Determinants of Rural Development 78

Introduction 79

Changes inOutput 80

Natural Resources 82

Human Resources 86

Capital 87

Technology 90

Organisational and Institutional Framework 92

Relation between Rural Development and Its Determinants 95

Main Points 95

Questions for Discussion 98

6 Rural Development Policies 99

Introduction 99

Freedom, Control and Public Policy 100

Need for a Rural Development Policy 101

Goals of Rural Development Policy 103

Hierarchy of Policy Goals 104

Rural Development Policies in India 106

Globalisation and Rural Development 125

Main Points 128

Questions for Discussion 130

7 Strategies for Sustainable Development 131

Introduction 131

The Concepts of Sustainability and Sustainable Development 132

Some Indicators of Non-sustainable Development 135

A Critical Review of India's Strategies of Rural Development 141

Some Elements of a New Strategy for Sustainable Development 144

Main Points 152

Questions for Discussion 153

8 Policy Instruments of Rural Development 155

Introduction 155

A Conceptual Framework 156

An Action System 159

Policy Instruments 159

Main Points 175

Questions for Discussion 177

9 Equity-oriented and Growth-oriented Programmes 178

Introduction 178

Equity-oriented Programmes 179

Growth-oriented Programmes 184

Main Points 195

Questions for Discussion 197

10 Poverty and Unemployment Eradication Programmes 198

Introduction 198

Current Poverty Scenario and Trends 199

Rural Employment Scenario 204

Poverty and Unemployment Alleviation Programmes 207

Social Welfare-oriented Programmes (SWOP) 216

Main Points 218

Questions for Discussion 220

11 Natural Resources and Infrastructure Development Programmes 221

Introduction 222

Natural Resources-based Programmes 222

National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) 230

Pilot Weather-based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) 231

Infrastructure Development Programmes 231

Main Points 240

Questions for Discussion 241

12 Planning for Rural Development 243

Introduction 243

Levels and Functions of Planning 244

Decentralisation of Planning 246

Methodology of Micro-level Planning 247

Methodology for Block- and District-level Planning 250

Main Points 257

Questions for Discussion 259

13 Organising for Rural Development 260

Introduction 260

A Detour to Organisational Models 262

The Search for a New Paradigm 265

Criteria for Designing an Appropriate Organisation 267

Government Organisations 268

Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) 270

Cooperatives 273

Voluntary Agencies/Non-governmental Organisations 275

Corporations and Rural Development 278

Main Points 281

Questions for Discussion 282

14 Financing Rural Development 283

Introduction 283

Domestic Institutional Sources 285

The Role of Non-institutional Agencies 296

Deficit Financing or Controlled Inflation 296

Foreign Sources of Funds 298

Main Points 304

Questions for Discussion 307

15 Implementation, Monitoring and Evaluation 309

Introduction 309

Project Implementation 311

Project Control 315

Integration and Coordination 315

People's Participation in Implementation 316

Project Monitoring 317

Project Evaluation 319

Main Points 326

Questions for Discussion 327

References and Select Bibliography 329

Index 338

About the Author 347

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