Rural Space in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Age: The Spacial Turn in Premodern Studies

Overview

In the wake of the Spatial Turn and the emergence of ecocritical theory, rural space proves to be a highly fertile ground for the reexamination of medieval and early modern literature, history, and art history. This volume combines critical articles that examine the way how rural space was perceived, presented, and evaluated in the Middle Ages and the early modern time. The extensive introduction surveys the history of research on this topic and outlines major approaches toward Rural Studies. The articles pursue ...
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Overview

In the wake of the Spatial Turn and the emergence of ecocritical theory, rural space proves to be a highly fertile ground for the reexamination of medieval and early modern literature, history, and art history. This volume combines critical articles that examine the way how rural space was perceived, presented, and evaluated in the Middle Ages and the early modern time. The extensive introduction surveys the history of research on this topic and outlines major approaches toward Rural Studies. The articles pursue specialized research topics pertaining to rural space.
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Meet the Author

Albrecht Classen, University of Arizona, USA.
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Table of Contents

Introduction: Rural Space in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: A Significant Domain Ignored For Too Long by Modern Research? Albrecht Classen 1

1 Critical Inquiry: The Relevance of Rural Space 1

2 Natural Space and the Medieval Encyclopedia 9

3 The Spatial Turn in Medieval and Premodern Studies 14

4 Rural Space and Ecocriticism 17

5 Space and Historical-Literary Investigations 29

6 Perception of Rural Space in The Voyage of St. Brendan: An Early-Medieval Voice 30

7 Nature in a Spanish Medieval Epic Poem: El Poema de Mío Cid: Human Drama in the Wilderness 35

8 The Mountain in the Art and Literature of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Age: The Most Massive Challenge in Nature 37

9 Climbing the Mountain, or Ascending to the Renaissance? Franceso Petrarca's Reflections on Nature 40

10 Oswald von Wolkenstein: The Aristocrat versus the Peasant Secret Longing for Life in Rural Space? 44

11 The Perception of the Natural World: The Testimony of Medieval Courtly Literature 49

12 Growing up in the Wilderness: Youthful Experiences in the Forest: Perceval/Parzival in the Romances by Chrétien de Troye and Wolfram von Eschenbach 51

13 Ominous Approaches: Wolfram von Eschenbach's Titurel: Seeking Refuge from Society in the Forest 56

14 Nature and the Courtly World: Literary Reflections on Rural Space in High Medieval Literature 57

15 The Protagonist's Existential Test in Nature: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight 59

16 Love (?) in the Mountains: Juan Ruiz's Libro de buen amor Late-Medieval Spanish Reflections on Rural Space 62

17 Rural Space in Late-Medieval Short Verse Narratives 67

18 The Court, the City, and the Rural Space in Boccaccio's Decameron 69

19 William Langland's Piers the Plowman: Late-Medieval English Religious and Social Reflections 70

20 Johannes von Tepl's Ackermann: A German-Czech Writer's Reference to the Metaphorical Peasant 77

21 Hugo von Trimberg's Renner: A Thirteenth-Century Didactic Perspective Toward Peasants 79

22 Wernher der Gartenære's Helmbrecht: The Attempted Break Out of the Social Order 82

23 The Testimony of Medieval and Late-Medieval Art 83

24 Peasants, Rural Existence, the Protestant Reformation and Farmer's Self-Expression Until the Seventeenth Century 88

25 Economic Aspects Pertaining to Rural Space 92

26 Heinrich Wittenwiler's Ring 100

27 Rural Space and the Supportive Peasant Figure in Queen Sibille Elisabeth von Nassau-Saarbrücken 102

28 Collaboration of the Good Peasant with the Noble Lady 104

29 Exploration of Rural Space in Sixteenth-Century Literature Till Eulenspiegel Marguerite de Navarre's Heptaméron 107

30 The Testimony of Late-Medieval Art Once Again 115

31 Acknowledgment and Summaries of All Contributions in this Volume 126

32 Conclusion 181

Chapter 1 Reforming the Monastic Landscape: Peter Damian's Design for Personal and Communal Devotion Kathryn L. Jasper 193

Chapter 2 Women's Place and Women's Space in the Medieval Village Sherri Olson 209

Chapter 3 "Gebrochen bluomen unde gras": Medieval Ecological Consciousness in Selected Poems by Walther von der Vogelweide Christopher R. Clason 227

Chapter 4 Utopian Space in the Countryside: Love and Marriage between a Knight and a Peasant Girl in Medieval German Literature. Hartmann von Aue's Der arme Heinrich, Anonymous, "Dis ist von dem Heselin," Walther von der Vogelweide Oswald von Wolkenstein Late-Medieval Popular Poetry Albrecht Classen 251

Chapter 5 Rural Space and Agricultural Space in the Old French Fabliaux and the Roman de Renart Sarah Gordon 281

Chapter 6 Wood, Court, and River in the Four Branches of the Mabinogi Andrew Breeze 295

Chapter 7 Rural Space and Transgressive Space in Bérenger au lone cul Penny Simons 313

Chapter 8 Life on the Manor and in Rural Space: Answering the Challenges of Social Decay in William Langland's Piers Plowman Daniel F. Pigg 351

Chapter 9 Landscape of Luxuries: Mahaut d'Artois's (1302-1329) Management and Use of the Park at Hesdin Abigail P. Dowling 367

Chapter 10 Hunting or Gardening: Parks and Royal Rural Space Marilyn L. Sandidge 389

Chapter 11 The Significance of Rural Space in Guillaume de Palerne Penny Simons 407

Chapter 12 The Forest as Locus of Transition and Transformation in the Epic Romance Berte aus grans pies Rosa A. Perez 433

Chapter 13 Juan Manuel's Libra de la caza (ca. 1325) Maria Cecilia Ruiz 451

Chapter 14 Hunting as Salvation in Gaston Phebus's Livre de chasse Jacqueline Stuhmiller 505

Chapter 15 Rural Space in Late Medieval Books of Hours: Book Illustrations as a Looking-Glass Into Medieval Mentality and Mirrors of Ecocriticism Albrecht Classen 529

Chapter 16 The Tame Wilderness of Princes: Images of Nature in Exemplars of Books of Hours and in the Livre du Cæur d'amour épris of King René of Anjou Lia B. Ross 561

Chapter 17 Marshy Spaces in the Middle English Awntyrs off Arthure at the Terne Wathelyne: Physical and Spiritual Territory Jean E. Jost 589

Chapter 18 Peasant Authors and Peasant Haters: Matazone da Caligano and the Ambiguity of the Satira del villano in High and Late Medieval Italy Nicolino Applauso 607

Chapter 19 "Lazarus and Abraham, our Jews of Eggenburg": Jews in the Austrian Countryside in the Fourteenth Century Birgit Wiedl 639

Chapter 20 Small Town, Big Business: A Wealthy Jewish Moneylender in the Austrian Countryside Eveline Brugger 673

Chapter 21 Usos rerum rusticarum: Malae consuetudines, male usos lege and Peasant Rebellion as Resistance or Adaptation to Legal Change Scott L. Taylor 685

Chapter 22 Village People: The Presence of the Rural in Late Medieval French Comedies Sharon D. King 703

Chapter 23 Uprooted Trees and Slaughtered Peasants: The Savaging of Rural Space in Ariosto's Orlando Furioso (1532) Elizabeth Chesney Zegura 729

Chapter 24 Representations of the Plowman and the Prostitute in Puritan and Anti-Puritan Satire: Or the Rhetoric of Plainness and the Reformation of the Popular in the Harvey Nashe Quarrel Kyle DiRoberto 755

Chapter 25 The Poet in Exile: Robert Herrick and the "loathed Country-life" Jessica Tvordi 795

Chapter 26 Women at the Hunt: Developing a Gendered Logic of Rural Space in the Netherlandish Visual Tradition Martha Moffitt Peacock 819

Chapter 27 "The free Enjoyment of the Earth": Gerrard Winstanley on Land Reform Thomas Willard 865

List of Illustrations 891

Contributors 895

Index 905

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