Safe and Sound: Artificial Intelligence in Hazardous Applications

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Overview

Computer science and artificial intelligence are increasingly used in the hazardous and uncertain realms of medical decision making, where small faults or errors can spell human catastrophe. This book describes, from both practical and theoretical perspectives, an AI technology for supporting sound clinical decision making and safe patient management. The technology combines techniques from conventional software engineering with a systematic method for building intelligent agents. Although the focus is on medicine, many of the ideas can be applied to AI systems in other hazardous settings. The book also covers a number of general AI problems, including knowledge representation and expertise modeling, reasoning and decision making under uncertainty, planning and scheduling, and the design and implementation of intelligent agents.The book, written in an informal style, begins with the medical background and motivations, technical challenges, and proposed solutions. It then turns to a wide-ranging discussion of intelligent and autonomous agents, with particular reference to safety and hazard management. The final section provides a detailed discussion of the knowledge representation and other aspects of the agent model developed in the book, along with a formal logical semantics for the language.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface and Acknowledgments
Introduction, Overview, and Reader's Guide
Part One
Cognitive Science to Cognitive Engineering
Chapter One
Motivation: the Medical Knowledge Crisis
Chapter Two
Natural Intelligence in Medical Decision Making
Chapter Three
The Logic of Medical Decision Making
Chapter Four
Arguments about Beliefs and Actions: Decision Making in the Real
World
Chapter Five
Constructing Intelligent Systems: The PROforma Method
Part Two
A Duty of Care
Chapter Six
Intelligent Systems and Autonomous Agents
Chapter Seven
Safety First
Chapter Eight
Hazard Management in Medical Care
Cahpter Nine
Guardian Agents
Chapter Ten
Safety Is Common Sense
Chapter Eleven
A Duty of Care
Part Three
Rigorously Engineered Decisions
Chapter Twelve
The RED Knowledge Representation Language
Chapter Thirteen
The Semantics of the RED Representation Language
Chapter Fourteen
Translation of R²L to Lsize=-2>R2L
Chapter Fifteen
A Logic of Argumentation
Chapter Sixteen
A Formalization of Safety
Chapter Seventeen
Implementation of the RED Agent
Bibliography
Index
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