Saint John Fortifications 1630-1956

Overview

Straddling the mouth of one of North America's great rivers, Saint John has been an important seaport and guardian of a vast hinterland since the early 1600s. Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 tells the story of the port's defences, from Fort La Tour, built in 1632, to the twentieth-century installations designed to repel German attackers. Each new defence system has incorporated the old, protecting the port throughout the conflicts that have shaped Canada: the century and a half of wars between England and ...

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Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956

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Overview

Straddling the mouth of one of North America's great rivers, Saint John has been an important seaport and guardian of a vast hinterland since the early 1600s. Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 tells the story of the port's defences, from Fort La Tour, built in 1632, to the twentieth-century installations designed to repel German attackers. Each new defence system has incorporated the old, protecting the port throughout the conflicts that have shaped Canada: the century and a half of wars between England and France, the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and the two World Wars. Although the last of the modern fortifications on Partridge Island was disabled in 1956, many sites still contain substantial reminders of their past strength.

Saint John Fortifications, 1630-1956 is the first volume in the New Brunswick Military Heritage Series.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An excellent assessment of how technological advancement challenged and changed the fortifications systems and how local people had to adjust to ever-changing realities of war . . . any trip to Saint John could be enlightened by the descriptions of the fortifications in and around the city and what currently remains." — Canadian Historical Review
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780864923738
  • Publisher: Goose Lane Editions & Gregg Centre for Study of War & Society
  • Publication date: 8/15/2003
  • Series: New Brunswick Military Heritage Series , #1
  • Edition description: First editions
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 112
  • Product dimensions: 5.54 (w) x 7.72 (h) x 0.32 (d)

Meet the Author

Roger Sarty, one of Canada's foremost military historians, is the former Senior Historian at the Directorate of History, National Defence Headquarters. He currently holds the position of deputy director of the Canadian War Museum and the author of Canada and the Battle of the Atlantic and No Higher Purpose: The Official Operational History of the Royal Canadian Navy in the Second World War.

Ottawa military historian Doug Knight is a retired Canadian Army officer. His engineering experience provides a solid background for his research into the history of Canadian military equipment and fortifications.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 7
Ch. 1 Introduction 9
The Setting 9
A Short Introduction to Fortifications 12
Ch. 2 The Frontier Forts: 1632-1783 15
The Acadian Civil War and Fort La Tour, 1632-1645 18
The Early Wars for Empire between France and England 24
The Seven Years War (French and Indian War), 1756-1763 29
Fort Howe, 1777 35
Ch. 3 Early Fortress Systems: 1793-1850 39
The Lower Cove and Partridge Island Batteries, 1793 41
The War of 1812 44
The Western Shore 45
The Partridge Island Battery 48
The Aftermath of the War of 1812 49
Ch. 4 The Second Fortress System: 1850-1914 51
The American Civil War, 1861-1865 53
Negro Point and Red Head Batteries 56
The Fenian Raids, 1866-1867 58
Confederation and the British Withdrawal 59
Improvisation and Paper Schemes, 1871-1914 61
Ch. 5 A Twentieth-Century Fortress: 1914-1956 69
The First World War, 1914-1918 69
Between the Wars 75
The Second World War, 1939-1945 78
Fort Mispec 83
Partridge Island 85
Fort Dufferin 86
Carleton Martello Tower 88
The Naval Threat 89
Air Defence 92
Mid-War, 1943 onwards 93
The End of the Road, 1945-1956 99
Ch. 6 The Fortress in Retirement 101
Selected Bibliography 105
Index 107
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